There is no justification for colonial control over a nation, in almost every case a nation that is being colonized is because they are being exploited of some resource they have within their nation. Those colonizing are demanding and using all that the nations have to offer for their own benefit. Very rarely does the interaction between colonizers and natives have a positive outcome or plus side for those being colonized, they are often left with less than they had or traded something not as beneficial to them. Colonizers justify their actions by claiming they are “aiding less developed nations”.
The benefits for the colonialist nation in charge normally receives natural resources from the country, slaves, and goods. They also gain access to trade and business opportunities, open ports for ships on long journeys, and exchange of ideas. In return they often received protection from neighboring enemies and sometimes were traded advanced weaponry. They were also exposed to christianity by missionaries from Europe.
In the reading there were many stories of peoples experiences. It was heart wrenching to read their stories and the pain the endured. One woman told about how she witnessed her husband being stabbed to death as they struggled to keep walking. They experienced extreme starvation and children were punished by whip or left behind. One man told the account of him remembering how he held himself together after witnessing a lynching. Violence became the norm and so many saw or experienced it themselves that it seemed to no longer affected them. Colonialism was the reason behind so much pain and suffering of their people, yet the white men were only interested in taking what they could get.
In short, the effects of African nations development was really bad. They were exploited for cheap labor slaves and their natural resources. In places such as the Congo like we read about there was terrible atrocities committed against their people. No trade can ever be an equal exchange for the suffering the people endured. In the long-term colonization has left Africa very underdeveloped compared to other countries. SOme of the colonizers have apologized for their past actions but no repercussions for the exploitation have ever been given.