Personally, I believe desegregating BPS justified busing because there weren't many other ways to make both races interact with each other besides forced intermingling. After watching the video and seeing the extreme amounts of violence, to me it's clear that these people wouldn't send their kids to schools dominated by black kids unless they were forced to. Was busing the correct solution to this problem? Possibly not. After reading Farah Stockman's article "Did busing slow Boston’s desegregation?" and learning about Junior's story and everyone involved with him, it leads me to believe that moving so quickly was not the best solution. From threats of harm to stabbing to firebombing homes, it's clear that busing had a lot of influence on the racial tensions in Boston. But even then, I still believe that this was one of the better ways to solve the desegregation issue because I see no other circumstances where these two racial groups would talk, period. I think the vitriol that resulted from all of this would have never existed if busing wasn't around because these groups would not push for real desegregation unless otherwise pushed to do so.
I think desegregation was a worthy goal because children deserve the right to broaden their world view, regardless of what their parents think. When I was a 6th grader approaching 7th grade, my parents wanted me to stay in my old school rather than go to Boston Latin because our family all graduated from the school we went to. This wouldn't have been as huge of a problem, if it wasn't for the fact that the class size was about 18 and would be around 6 or 7 in the 7th grade since so many students leave after the ISEE testing. If I stayed in that school, I don't really know how I'd turn out now. 7th and 8th grade were such key times of my life because it introduced me to all these new people (students and faculty alike) that would shape me into the type of person I am today. By going to a new school, it opened up my entire world view and I think that's what's so important to teens growing up. I understand that the parents of the teens who were forced into busing were scared and angry for their children, but at the same time these teens deserve to experience life with more than one color in their life.
I believe change in BPS was an urgent thing that needed to happen because kids, regardless of race, deserve an equal opportunity for schooling. It's so important that children be educated because they're going to be the base of the society that comes after the generation before them, and depriving children of valuable experiences and knowledge that come from education is a disservice to future society. I understand why Judge W. Arthur Garrity implemented busing, though. Fixing predominately black schools is a good idea on paper, but at the same time it takes time and money to fix every school that isn't up to par with predominately white schools. I believe these schools still should have been fixed because it's not fair to the kids to sit at broken desks with books in terrible conditions, but at the same time the change had to be so much more immediate than implementing plans to eventually fix the broken schools.
In the school environment in 1974-1975, I don't believe much would be tolerable only because of how tense it was. Any action that could be seen as a transgression against another race could erupt into violence. For example, if a white person were to bump into a black person or vice versa, that could lead to a huge fight inside of the school. But this is only what's not tolerable INSIDE of the school. Outside, it's a whole different ball game. It was tolerable to throw bricks at buses, like what happened James "Little" Richardson's bus that he drove as mentioned in "History rolled in on a yellow school bus" by Meghan E. Irons, Shelley Murphy, and Jenna Russell. It was tolerable to coax people into throwing said bricks at the homes of black people, like with the boy in Farah Stockman's article that I mentioned earlier. Would these be tolerated now? No. Back then, I'd be hard-pressed to say that these were truly tolerable in Boston. I believe these actions were only tolerated because if they were more actively stopped, it could erupt into so much more than just bricks. It could have gone much farther than firebombs through a home, but rather firebombs through school windows or more explosive riots in the streets. I know this is a hypothetical, but without giving these people some form of way to throw their tantrum the risk of it going further than what we saw would be huge.
The most visible effect of the desegregation era in 1974-1975 would have to be the amount of minorities in BPS. However, the fact that BPS has more minorities compared to back then still saddens me because it means that there are more white children going to private schools rather than public schools. That in it of itself is putting a bandage on a wound that requires stitches. There's no fixing of race relations going on when one group isn't willing to try to work it out. It's similar to plugging your ears and closing your eyes and thinking that everything is fixed just because you can't see the results of your actions.