posts 1 - 15 of 28
Boston, US
Posts: 350

Readings and Streamings:

Note: It’s important that you read and/or watch at least FOUR (4) of the 12 items listed below AND clearly reference them in your post. I would especially urge you to include within your choices #1 from Human Rights Watch (HRW) for a global perspective on this topic:

Reading options:

  1. “Covid 19 fueling Anti-Asian Racism and Xenophobia Worldwide,” Human Rights Watch, May 12, 2020.
  1. Ivan Natividad, “Coronavirus: Fear of Asians rooted in long American history of prejudicial policies,” Berkeley News, February 12, 2020

  1. Stephanie Garcia, “’I am not a Virus’: How This Artist is Illustrating Coronavirus-Fueled Racism,” PBS, April 1, 2020.

  1. Anna Purna Kambhampaty and Haruka Sakaguchi, “’I Will Not Stand Silent.’ 10 Asian-Americans Reflect on Racism During the Pandemic and the Need for Equality.” Time, June 25, 2020.

  1. Sarah Li, “Anti-Asian Hate Has Surged during the Coronavirus Pandemic, Reports Find,” Teen Vogue, September 18, 2020.

  1. Felix Sitthivong, “Coronavirus has sparked another epidemic in my prison: Anti-Asian Racism,” The Marshall Project, December 3, 2020.

  1. Liz Mineo, “The scapegoating of Asian Americans,” Harvard Gazette, March 24, 2021.

  1. Michael Eric Dyson, “Why don’t we treat Asian American history the way we treat Black history,” Washington Post, March 26, 2021.

    OR if you are blocked by a firewall, use this link for a PDF:

9. Jay Caspian King, “The Myth of Asian-American Identity,” The New York Times Magazine, October 5, 2021.

OR if you are blocked by a firewall, use this link for a PDF:

  1. Sakshi Venkatraman, “Asian hate crimes rose 73% last year, updated FBI data says,” NBC News, October 25, 2021.

Streaming options:

  1. Video from the Los Angeles Times: Epidemic of Hate: Asian Xenophobia and Coronavirus, February 3, 2020 [7:55] [7:55] and the accompanying article Suhuana Hassan, “Fear of coronavirus fuels racist sentiment targeting Asians, Los Angeles Times, February 3, 2020.

  1. Article and video: Erin Donaghue, “2,120 Hate Incidents Against Asian Americans Reported During Coronavirus Pandemic,” CBS News, July 2, 2020


The former President repeatedly referred to it as the “China virus” or the “Asian flu.” Insofar as we first became aware of a COVID-19 in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, that association has regrettably stuck for many Americans. What COVID has unleashed, not only in the United States but in far-flung places around the world, is anti-Chinese vitriol and, because of the long history of Asian interchangeability by non-Asians, anti-Asian views more broadly.

Xenophobia directed at Asians isn’t new, as we have/will see this week in class. What COVID has inspired is just the latest in a long history of anti-Asian hate.

President Biden signed S.937, the COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act, sponsored by Senator Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii), in May 2021. At the signing ceremony, Biden spoke eloquently of the “why” behind the legislation:

“We heard how too many Asian Americans have been waking up each morning this past year genuinely — genuinely — fearing for their safety just opening the door and walking down the street, and safety for their loved ones. The moms and dads who, when they let their kids out the door to go to school, were worried.

Attacked, blamed, scapegoated, harassed during this pandemic. Living in fear for their lives, as I said, just walking down street.

Grandparents afraid to leave their homes even to get vaccinated, for fear of being attacked.

Small business owners targeted and gunned down.

Students worried about two things: COVID-19 and being bullied.

Documented incidents of hate against Asian Americans have seen a shocking spike — as the Vice President has outlined at the front of her comments. Let alone — let alone the ones that have never been reported.

Gut-wrenching attacks on some of the most vulnerable people in our nation — the elderly, low-wage workers, women — brutally attacked simply by walking outside or waiting for a bus. Asian American women suffer twice as many incidents of harassment and violence as Asian American men.

And the conversation we had in Atlanta is one we’re hearing all across the country, that all of this hate hides in plain sight — it hides in plain sight — and too often, it is met with silence: silence by the media, silence by our politics, and silence by our history.

For centuries, Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders — diverse and vibrant communities — have helped build this nation only to be often stepped over, forgotten, or ignored. You know, lived here for generations, but still considered, by some, the “other” — the “other.” It’s wrong. It’s simply — to use the phrase — it’s simply un-American.

My message to all of those of you who are hurting is: We see you. And the Congress has said: We see you. And we are committed to stop the hatred and the bias.”

The Asian and Pacific Islander (AAPI) population in the United States, according to the US Census (as of 2020), is believed to number approximately 20 million people, roughly 7.7% of the total population in the nation. It constitutes the fastest growing population in the United States. According to the Pew Research Center, Asian-Americans constitute the “highest-income, best-educated and fastest-growing racial group in the United States.”

So many non-Asians can’t distinguish among Asians—witness Valerie Soh’s keenly observed short All Orientals Look the Same [pointedly using the pejorative term, “Orientals”]--so they lump Asians all together. Not unlike the Native American voices we heard who wish that we would identify Native peoples by their tribes and not label them all “native” or “indigenous,” many Asians too wish people would acknowledge their specific places of origin, their differing circumstances, cultures, and histories, and not simply assume that “sameness.”

We know that Asians have been the target of dismissive language; think of the episode when then Boston School Committee chair, Michael Loconto, was caught on tape (in fall 2020) mocking Asian names. And they have been the target of growing violence—think most especially of the killings of Asian women at spas in Atlanta in spring 2021.

For you to consider in this post, after choosing from the readings/streamings above:

Why the hate? And why is this hate not new but is based in a long history of anti-Asian discrimination? And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history?

How have Asians—who we already know are classified as “white” when it’s convenient (think of the example of the Boston School Committee) and are also classified as “other” or “POC”—confronted this othering? The latest version may be triggered by COVID but we know this has a long and sordid history.

What should Asians as well as non-Asians do today to be allies in response to what these articles and the video clips chronicle?

Maybe those are foolish questions. What we know from our work on discrimination and othering thus far is that issues of “us” and “them,” “superiority” and “inferiority,” the desire to identify an “in group” and an “out group” governs much of human interaction.

Please weigh in on these questions in a thoughtful, well-supported post, supported by what you learned from class, from the readings/streamings and from what you know from your own experiences. Don’t just generalize—be specific! And please do post a question for the next person to respond to in their post (and respond to the question posed prior to your posting!).

Boston, MA, US
Posts: 14

Anti-Asian hate

Why the hate? And why is this hate not new but is based in a long history of anti-Asian discrimination?

And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history?

Much of anti-Asian hate (specifically in the United States) had occured for centuries- and has long time been a way to find simple solutions and place blame on people who aren’t at fault. It’s a lot easier for people to hurt others than face the truth- and this is seen from Covid-19 to Pearl Harbor the the Chinese Exclusion Act of the 1880s. As Teen Vogue’s article “Anti-Asian Hate has Surged During the Pandemic” mentions, the “ narrative was intended to pit minorities against each other and allows a segment of the country to avoid any responsibility for addressing racism or the damage it continues to inflict.” The white segment of our country continues to ignore the problems it has induced on our world since it’s initial presence. Rather than fixing the issues and attempting to introduce conversations about racism, and even lesser-discussed anti-Asian hate, fear mongering and xenephobia allow people to live in states of bliss where they are unaware of the history of racism, and continue to benefit from its unacknowledged existence. As Berkley poses the existence of “the perceived threats [asian-immigrants] pose to America’s dominance domestically and abroad” calls for the acceptance of eastern power and dominance in economics and power worldwide- and to diminish the existence of ‘seperate-peoples’- allowing all groups to thrive at the same time where “no group dominates.”

How have Asians—who we already know are classified as “white” when it’s convenient (think of the example of the Boston School Committee) and are also classified as “other” or “POC”—confronted this othering? The latest version may be triggered by COVID but we know this has a long and sordid history.

NBS news’s article about the rise in Anti-Asian hate notes that the change in the way we speak about people of other races, cultures, and ethnicities a step in the right direction of diminishing the “other” category. The Marshall Project also details the experience of an Asian man from Laos in prison, and the ways in which he has called some people out on being “othered”- informing them that not all Asian people are from the same country- let alone are they responsible for Covid-19 and Pearl Harbor.

What should Asians as well as non-Asians do today to be allies in response to what these articles and the video clips chronicle?

I believe that everyone should bring more awareness and attention to the history and daily occurrence of Anti-Asian hate in the world. I think that the CBS News video brings attention to the stark difference of experience Asian people have had in the presence of Coronavirus compared to the SwineFlu and other diseases. I believe that acknowledging the hate and helping to educate people and call them out on hateful actions and words will slowly start to help diminish anti-asian hate, so that maybe some day it doesn’t exist at all.

Posts: 20
  • I believe that a lot of hate, dating from 1600s America to current day America is based off of fear. Fear that white Americans will no longer be the “superior race” every time a different group besides white people in power start to thrive the fear that White Americans feel make them violent and hateful. Southern states hated successful black people, Christians hated successful Jewish populations, thriving populations of Chinese immigrants were somehow seen as harmful, immigrants, mostly POC immigrants, have always been seen as the enemy. In Coronavirus: Fear of Asians rooted in long American history of prejudicial policies, professor John A Powell states the hate stems from the desire to “preserving white American dominance” and the belief that white Anglo-American Christians, should dominate the world. This hate is definetly not new, Asians have always faced racism in America. Over the summer I read “Looking like the Enemy” which is a first hand account of the Japanese internment camps from a young woman named Mary. While reading I was shocked that I had never learned about any of the information in school. I am still not really sure why this racist history is kept so hidden, students need to learn this information.
  • I read one article which highlights Korean-Swedish artist Lisa Wool-Rim Sjöblom’s comics and one really stuck out to me. It was a young child standing attempting to paint his face white. Sjöblom was highlighting how as a child she wanted to be white and she shared a story about her son stating he wanted to be white. Asian Americans have never felt the privilege of being white but when they are excluded from POC they are left feeling isolated. In the New York Times article “The Myth of Asian-American Identity” the author acknowledges that being black and being asian in America are very differnt but both groups need eachother when fighting for social justice. One quote stated, “ what would we talk about? Unfair college-admissions practices? The bamboo ceiling that allows us comfortable professional jobs but fewer places in upper management?”
  • I think everyone should be trying to hold racists accountable in anyway. I think a large part of being an ally is sharing Asian peoples experience with hate stories and allowing them the room to come forward with their experiences. Simply listening can offer so much healing. In the Washington Post article by Michael Eric Dyson, Dyson explains that holding politicians accountable is huge, make these people address the hate that Asians are facing in America. He states, “ Governments should act to expand public outreach, promote tolerance, and counter hate speech”.

Question: How can we as students push to include Asian American history in our curriculum?

Boston, MA, US
Posts: 21

Asian and COVID: Xenophobia and Hate Crimes in the Era of COVID

The hatred among Asians arose in the late 18th century. At the time, it was directly solely at Chinese immigrants who were becoming a large part of the American population. Originally, much of this hatred was due to the fact that white Americans felt threatened by job loss from the growing Chinese middle class. As the construction of the transcontinental railroad came to an end, Chinese immigrants looked elsewhere for job opportunities. Consequently, white people felt as though their jobs were put in danger: especially at a time when the economy was fluctuating, a massive wave of economic insecurity swept over these working white Americans (source 2). In my opinion, this marked the root of hatred among Asian peoples. Unfortunately, this only heightened in decades to come. The most recent resurgence of this was fueled by the outbreak of the Coronavirus—of which originated in China. We are all aware of the repercussions this brought upon Asian communities, but what really exacerbated this issue was the ill-fated comments made by our president at the time on the current situation. Donald Trump is on record referring to Covid as the “Chinese virus,” undermining it with racist biases (Source 1). I am still uncertain as to why so many non-Asians are aware of these offenses. Taking a logical guess, it might be because society has not forced it onto the political agenda enough to the point where it is today. That is why we are seeing more and more of these headlines highlighting the ongoing struggle for equal rights for Asian Americans.

Regarding how Asians are handling this issue, there isn’t nearly enough going on in support of them. We have seen some hashtags circulate social media, such as “#IAmNotAVirus” (source 3), try to raise awareness for this human rights infringements. When it comes to black history, everyone is quick to jump on board and fight these injustices; however, when it comes to anti-Asian hate, it lacks any sort of movement. A cause of this might possibly be the absence of important figures or events to be spread into mainstream media and textbooks. I do think the movement is just beginning (and will hopefully expand into a much larger and more powerful movement), but currently there seems to be some struggles with really taking off. The countless incidents on the NYC subway alone serve as a representation that further exemplifies why people might be so slow with advocating for this issue. People turn their backs on the stereotypical name-calling and othering in fear that they will be put in danger if they stand up. Onlookers of these incidents explain their fear that the aggressors might “follow [them] without anyone else to bear witness to what might happen” (source 4). Society hopes that someone else will start the movement for them: they are looking for a leader in this movement, uninterested in doing it themselves.

Similar to what was mentioned above, I feel as though the first step should be defining a movement altogether. The hashtags are a great way to get it to circulate social media and get people on board with it. Additionally, people need to take initiative and start standing up when they see actions infringing upon human rights first hand. I feel the biggest role in achieving justice is to get this issue printed in textbooks. This is where non-Asians can educate themselves on the perpetrations and connect with the Asian community who must battle this hate together. Not until then will progress be made towards achieving true equality.

In order to include Asian American history in our curriculum, we need to start advocating for it. Recently, this movement has grown with the upsurge of anti-Asian hate, but we must continue to push this onto the political agenda so that effective change can be made. I feel as though courses such as Facing History and an incorporated aspect of Asian history in our US History courses is a great start to getting it permanently in our curriculum. With time I do believe that we will begin to see their history appear in textbooks more frequently.

Question: How can/should we teach our next generation to be more accepting of different races and ethnicities? Will this be an effective way to counter the hate present in society?

boston, massachusetts, US
Posts: 15

Asian American hate has such a long, complicated history that it cannot all be summed up into a single essay. With that being said, there are a couple of points that anyone with the smallest understanding of racism can comprehend.

First of all, Asian American hate stems from the idea of “us vs. them” or “the other”. When Asians started migrating to the US in the first place, there was the worry of the unknown and the threat that they are “taking what doesn’t belong to them”. This is *very* ironic, considering the first American colonies were established on stolen land. The hypocrisy of taking what does not belong to you, and then accusing others of doing the same thing is absurd. The craziest part about it is these Asians were doing the jobs other Americans did not want to do. As learned in class, during the gold rush Asians were made to do dangerous mining, as well as the more dangerous parts of building railroads. They did this because it was the only work they could get, and no one wanted to do it in the first place. They simply took what they could, and suddenly white Americans were frustrated by this, even though no one was doing these jobs in the first place. Hate around this time period is almost never taught in history classes, but so many groups of Asian Americans were victims of hate, violence, and even hate-fueled murder. A doctor post fellow discusses “the Chinese massacre of 1871, when a mob in Los Angeles’ Chinatown attacked and murdered 19 Chinese residents, including a 15-year-old boy, a reflection of the growing anti-Asian sentiment that came to its climax with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882” in the article The scapegoating of Asian Americans. It goes to show how far back this hate dates. In relation to Asian American hate, the article Coronavirus: Fear of Asians rooted in long American history of prejudicial policies also details how this hate goes so far back in history. An interviewee discussed the hateful things they hear about exchange students and how “I don’t know if people mean it in a malicious manner, but I don’t think it’s beneficial.” Some people don't see the gravity within their words and why it is so hurtful, but that is all because we are so ignorant of how hateful it is.

Asian American hate is very different from that of Black hate, and that is because discrimination stems from different ideas. What both groups have in common is that they are both considered “the other”, which automatically makes them less than. This is evident, especially in youth, where many asians can attest to being hated on because the food of their native country looked different, and therefore odd. Or their facial features were different, and therefore odd. The problem of racism in america is that we are afraid of what we dont know, and therefore put it down instead of try to learn. The worst part about Asian American discrimination is that it isnt taught the way it should be in history classes. In all honesty, i believe this is for the same reason that all minority groups are neglected in US history curriculums; if we dont talk about it, its as if it doesnt exist. This ideology is so flawed, because all that does is prevent awareness, and therefore the chain of hate continues to spread.

There is also the argument of black vs white, and no inbetween. Because we are so set on seeing life in the two extremes, other groups (native americans, latinos, asians) are simply left out of the picture, and therefore get no justice. They are ignored, unless they are being mocked.

I often see Asian Americans using their voice to say “we are our own group of people, and we will not be ignored”. Asians are so often grouped into other groups, but they hold a culture like no other. No minority group is the same, and our world is so bent on trying to say they are. Even within Asia, each country has its own customs and culture. No two countries are the same, yet they are treated as such. This is apparent when people claim that all asians look the same, as displayed in the video we watched: “All Orientals Look the Same”.

Covid has been such a difficult period for our asian population, because it was used as a way to put them down further. America has a deep, deep history of trying to blame minority groups for epidemics, and this is another example of looking for the easy way out. Furthermore, those who blamed *all of asia* were the ones not getting vaccinated and not wearing masks. The sheer irony…it is so infuriating. Furthermore, it has been a catalyst for hate crimes against asians, and the feeling of feeling unsafe in public because of hte way you look is so debilitating.

As shown in the article Coronavirus Has Sparked Another Epidemic in My Prison: Anti-Asian Racism many asians have had to fear for their life in public with this recent uptake of crime, and many businesses have been the target of vandalism. So many hardworking individuals can’t even keep their business safe because of ignorance- ignorance that can clearly be avoided if we teach our youth the beauty in different cultures and learning to embrace them. The write of this article details and said I “was concerned for his safety out on the road by himself. My son listened reluctantly as i went through the do's and don'ts of his reaction if he ever found himself in a sketchy situation. I wondered to myself if this was how generations of Black parents have felt when they had to have another version of "the talk" with their sons.” While this fear of violence comes from different roots, it all leads to the same conclusion: being different causes harm to so many people, and no one should have to live like that. Another article by teen vogue titled Anti-Asian Hate Has Surged During the Coronavirus Pandemic, Reports Find.

details the same issue, where a respondent to a survey about how COVID has affected them said “I feel scared to let my grandparents go out in fear that they may be harassed. I feel anger and confusion since society has normalized it so much that when we try to speak up about it, people still try and joke around about it”. This article details the way to stop this hate, and they came to the same conclusion as me: teaching our youth acceptance.

As allies, the first step is to listen to our asian peers. Listen to what they have been through, and absorb this information to show them that their experience and history is valid. If we fail to listen, we fail to learn.

Boston, Massachusetts, US
Posts: 17
  • The sad reality of prejudice and racism in America exists in a simple truth that one doesn't have to look far to uncover the nation’s long history of vile attacks against non-white citizens. American expansionism is rooted in manifest destiny, the divine right bestowed upon Anglo-Saxon settlers to conquer and rule above all. The single greatest threat to this principle is diversity; and diversity exists in many capacities: diversity in thought, in speech, in culture, in race, and in color. Though our government may preach peace and diplomacy, history has proven time and time again that we are unafraid to rule with an iron fist, especially when threatened with diversity. The wave of Asian immigrants in the early 20th century introduced new cultures to America; proud and resilient cultures with empowered peoples. Their unwillingness to assimilate into an oppressive culture and distinguish themselves in a foreign land was inspiring, although foreboding to decades of violent and prejudicial outbreaks to come. As a nation we have often turned a blind eye to the suffering of Asian Americans, yet are too quick to scapegoat these Americans when we’re too ashamed to take responsibility for the faults in our oldest institutions.
  • It is no secret that in America there is a strong correlation between race and economic class. The model minority myth has trapped generations of Asian Americans under the notion that they are predestined for economic success due to their physical appearance and cultural upbringing. While crediting many Asian cultures for inspiring success in their children in the face of adversity, Korean-American New York Times writer Jay Caspian King (source 9) has a rather different take. Reflecting on his childhood and the communities he was raised in, in reference to the number of Asian Americans in the country, he writes, “We, the 20 million, are either poor or we are assimilation machines. Those are the two outcomes.” This argument centers around a concept that “whiteness” is only as measurable as the size of your bank account. Economic prosperity has been weaponized to oppress and divide Asian communities across the country. Again he writes, “we know, at least subconsciously, that the identity politics of the modern, assimilated Asian American are focused on getting a seat at the wealthy, white liberal table. Or, if we want to be generous, we fight about food and representation and executive-suite access because we want our children to live without really having to think about any of this — to have the spoils of full whiteness.” This weaponization of success is actively diluting the rich and beautiful cultures of American citizens, and it needs to stop now.
  • I believe that Asians and non-Asians alike must come together and establish a movement with attainable goals. To be allies in today’s world must mean so much more than instagram posts and tweets. Expectations must be established through critical engagement with communities and generations of diverse populations. Only then can a sound course of action be laid out. When we are united in solidarity we are most powerful against hate. Of course some may disagree with the course of action, but it is the allies’ responsibility to let those people voice their concerns and integrate their ideas into an ever-adapting fight for justice. We must not allow factions to destroy such movements from within.
Boston, Massachusetts , US
Posts: 18

Asians and COVID: Xenophobia and Hate Crimes in the Era of COVID

The hate that Asians have been experiencing has dramatically increased because of the emergence of coronavirus. This hate is not new, rather it stems from decades of hate. The Berkeley news article gives various examples of how anti-Asian sentiments in modern times stem from the past. Politically and economically China is seen as a threat. Many public health and immigration policies are based in racism because they are seen as a threat to American dominance. Along with this, immigrants have been associated with disease especially in the case of Asian immigrants having been falsely accused of bringing over smallpox and the bubonic plague. Now with the emergence of coronavirus, this fear and hatred have come up again, often facilitated by political leaders such as Trump. What really shocked me, (or I guess I’m not surprised, rather, horrified) Were the responses from authorities (or lack thereof) outlined in the Human Rights Watch article. While there has been a little bit of response from some places, most haven't taken any real action to proactively stop Asian hate. This sort of connects to the last question, what can we do to help? First everyone should be pushing for authorities to be doing more to both prevent and aid situations. Government action is not the only thing that needs to be done, centuries of hate and stereotypes need to be unlearned. The second question is one I'm not really sure how to answer. From the article from the Times, I know that the term Asian Amerians is one that is so broad and not many Asian people identify with it, yet they feel as though they have to classify themselves that way. The United States is trying to put one classification for a huge and diverse population which just doesn't work.
Posts: 18

There has been an upsurge of anti-Asian discrimination and hate due to the virus that has plagued us for the past 2 years. It originated in China, which is why it had been dubbed as the “China virus” or the “Kung Flu” by America’s previous president, Donald Trump. There have been 2120 hate incidents against Asian Americans during the pandemic, as reported by CBS News. Asian Americans have been refused service because of the fear that they may pass the virus on to others. Asian American businesses have also gone down substantially, driven by, again, fear, which is ironic, as the video by CBS News brings up, because people are facing discrimination over a virus that does not discriminate. This was not very clear when Covid-19 first started to spread around the country, and the world. We now know that Covid-19 was a disease that infected everyone, but at the beginning of the outbreak, there was just panic and fear that gave rise to all of these hate crimes. These attacks on the Asian community are not confined to just Chinese people (because people will not be bothered to check ethnicity, all that matters is that they’re Asian). There have also been verbal attacks, physical attacks, and more subtle discriminations such as avoiding Asians. This is also not a new thing. Asian American discrimination has always been there, it has just been swept under the rug. Something Korean-Swedish artist Lisa Wool-Rim Sjöblom said really stuck out to me. She said that “for a lot of white people, in order for them to understand racism attacks, you basically have to be punched in the face and to show a bruise”. If there is no physical proof of it, it can be more easily justified and ignored, just as it has been for centuries. Asians have faced so much discrimination. What the Chinese faced when they immigrated to California during the Gold Rush, the Chinese Exclusion Act, and how long it took for Asians to get complete suffrage in the United States are just a few examples. People are just not aware of this history because no one speaks up about it. It also isn’t taught in classrooms, and some people even consider Asians “white” because of the color of their skin. It is so normalized that even Asians joke about racism directed toward themselves. Michael Eric Dyson explores why exactly it is we don’t treat Asian American history the way we treat Black history in his article. He says that part of the reason is that the legacy of disenfranchisement isn’t as easily understood with Asian Americans. Asians were not wiped out, did not have a figure like MLK Jr or Cesar Chavez. Furthermore, there are so many different communities under the AAPI umbrella. These groups have all faced their share of discrimination, but at different times. It's hard to be assertive and come together to demand changes, or at least acknowledgement.

I think Asians have confronted this othering by starting to come together as a community and getting the stories out there. I think what’s most important is starting to speak up about the experiences and discrimination faced not only because of COVID but also because of the countless other events in history that have just gone unnoticed. It’s definitely hard to get the courage to talk about these experiences, but stories such as the ones I have read in the article written by Anna Purna Kambhampaty and Haruka Sakaguchi, “I Will Not Stand Silent”, could start to break down the stereotypes, scapegoating and overall the alienating and othering of Asians.

What both Asians and non-Asians can do to be allies is educating themselves and others. Nothing can really be done if awareness is not spread about what is happening and why it is wrong to put all of the blame on Asians for COVID. Other things we can do is support local Asian businesses that may be struggling during these times as well as just creating an atmosphere where people can feel comfortable sharing their stories. I think it’s also important to say something if someone is clearly being discriminated against because of their race. Though that should be a given, many people stand by as a hate crime is going on. Talking about experiences and creating bonds within the community could also be a sort of comfort for Asian Americans. It’s important to dismantle the fear that surrounds most of this discrimination.

One of the questions posed in the earlier responses asked: How can/should we teach our next generation to be more accepting of races and ethnicities? Will this be an effective way to counter the hate present in society? I think we should start by incorporating more of the unspoken history in school textbooks and curriculums as the person who asked this question suggested. This way, more people would be taught about the history of the racism faced by many minorities and it could hopefully influence them to not only refrain from contributing to the hate in society but stopping it. By introducing this kind of information to young students, it could teach them that this kind of hate we are seeing in society is wrong. There is not telling how effective this could be, but it is a viable first step.

My question is, why is COVID different from other worldwide disease outbreaks in causing such a plethora of racism and discrimination?

Boston, Massachusetts, US
Posts: 12

Why the hate? And why is this hate not new but is based in a long history of anti-Asian discrimination? And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history?

There is hate because there is fear. As we observed in class, we noticed that the propaganda around Asian people included subjects that would be used to promote fear. This fear turns into hate. People use hate because it is believed that the “problem” will disappear. In the article “Coronavirus: Fear of Asians rooted in long American history of prejudicial policies,” written by Ivan Natividad, Winston Tseng says “Chinese Americans and other Asian Americans may be scapegoated for things other than the coronavirus.” I agree with this claim. I believe that there is some sort of desire in people to put blame on someone rather than some thing or idea. Blaming someone is easier than blaming an idea because with people, there will be reactions. It does not matter if the reactions are good or bad. In instances like these, it’s easier to put blame on the people with lesser power. In the case of the bombing of Pearl Harbor, racists didn’t entirely shake their fists to the government who ultimately decided to bomb Pearl Harbor. No. They focused their attacks on Japanese people because they were the closest group of people who could acknowledge and feel what the racists wanted them to feel. This is also true in the case of the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882. Instead of people focusing their attention and energy on the work system, people focused on Chinese people, basically blaming them for “stealing” their jobs. Racism against Asians is not that noted as racism. It has been extremely normalized in the Asian community and of other communities as well. My friend told me of this experience they had at their school. They were walking down the hallway and a group of guys were walking past. One of them purposely bumped into my friend and laughed about it with his friends. As they walked off, the group referred to my friend as the c slur. When my friend told their other friends, their friends said something along the lines of “it is what is it” and left it at that. They brushed it off like it was nothing. And it wasn’t like this was the first time my friend experienced something like that in their school either. This just goes to show how under-cared racism against Asians is. In the Teen Vogue article “Anti-Asian Hate Has Surged During the Coronavirus Pandemic, Reports Find,” a youth campaign survey writes that “[t]his narrative was intended to pit minorities against each other and allows a segment of the country to avoid any responsibility for addressing racism or damage it continues to inflict.” I also think that the model minority myth has a play into it. By having this stereotype, people do not seem to care as much as Asians are thought to be not hurt by the system. People are aware of this history; however, we are given so little information about it, it’s like we don’t even know it in the first place. There is a quote in “Why don’t we treat Asian American history the way we treat Black history” that I really like. Michael Eric Dyson says “Asian American history is often footnoted or compartmentalized, recounted and analyzed as a subplot in the bigger narrative.” I think this quote goes really well with what I said previously.

How have Asians confronted this othering?

There was a “Stop Asian Hate” movement that was popular for a few weeks? But if I’m really honest I haven’t seen that much talking about the racism outside of school. I mean just recently I heard that there was a protest in Chinatown many months ago regarding Asian hate. I only knew of that information because somebody had a presentation about it. With that being said, I do believe there are more people sharing their experiences with racism on social media.

What should Asians as well as non-Asians do today to be allies in response to what these articles and the video clips chronicle?

I think that we should be united. It’s easy to say, but it will take a lot of effort to bring people together. On a smaller scale, it’s best to stand up against the people who are being blatantly obvious with their racism. It is also good to not participate in trends that could be and are racist. An example of this would be the “bing chilling” thing going around. It has died down by now but I still see some comments about it. For context, “bing chilling” refers to a video of John Cena speaking Chinese. I think the original intention of it was to poke fun at John Cena’s pronunciation, but it soon turned into a more obvious attempt at racism. Multiple times I have seen people comment “bing chilling” on a TikTok regarding anything remotely Asian. It did not matter if there was no mention of John Cena or of the meme. There was also another joke similar to that when Squid Game, a Korean show, was in its peak. I believe that it is crucial to call out all forms of media and people that are big parts of this, whether it’s TV shows having stereotypical characters to news sources having fear mongering headlines. The Harvard Gazette’s “The scapegoating of Asian Americans” explains that Trump’s description of the coronavirus has led to a rise to anti-Asian hate. A person coupled with a very outspoken mass is not a recipe for good times. In the written piece, Jason Beckfield says that it is also “the project of people who are in power too.” Having someone with a lot of influence is one of the best ways to get a message across.

travelalarmclock’s question: Why is COVID different from other worldwide disease outbreaks in causing such a plethora of racism and discrimination?

I think it’s partly due to the fact that this disease is so “modern” that we notice the racism and discrimination that comes from it. It’s so easy to see everything that happens. Whereas back then, there wasn’t much talk because of the fact that there is no platform to speak about it. I think another reason is because racism against Asians is so normalized that racists are comfortable with doing and saying racist things.

My Question:

We know that this type of awareness and care for hate against any group appears and disappears. What do you think is the cause of this? Do you think there is a way for people to permanently care?

Boston, Massachusetts, US
Posts: 19

Asians and COVID: Xenophobia and Hate Crimes in the Era of COVID

Why the hate? And why is this hate not new but is based in a long history of anti-Asian discrimination? And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history?

- The hate stems from fear and cowardice. These racists are scared for their own wellbeing. This is selfish and stupid, as its really the victims that should be scared for their wellbeing, due to these attacks that have been happening. The hate has been on an uptick due to the covid virus. It doesnt help that we have many people in power (Including our past president) making racist comments that only fuel the fire. This hate is not new. In the Harvard Gazette article, it brings up numerous other events that contained asian-discrimination. It talks about the asian exclusion act of 1882, as well as individual attacks such as the Chinese massacre of 1871. 19 chinese residents were killed, including teenagers. This list of events goes on and on and on, and its unacceptable. Most non-asians and even many asians are not very aware of this history because it is not talked about enough. These issues must not be seen as important as other issues going on in the world right now, but that shouldnt be the case.

How have Asians—who we already know are classified as “white” when it’s convenient (think of the example of the Boston School Committee) and are also classified as “other” or “POC”—confronted this othering? The latest version may be triggered by COVID but we know this has a long and sordid history.

- In the case of race for statistic purposes, I think that the race classification just goes with whatever agenda the certain organization wants to push. I find it hard to believe that many asians even know they are being classified as a race other than what they really are. In some of the articles i read, including the one about the Korean-Swedish artist Lisa Wool-Rim Sjöblom, they talked about struggling with identity. There was a picture of an asian boy adding makeup in order to appear "whiter". The artist herself said she struggled with identity. There was another article that focused in on individual attacks, and in one of the pieces it talked abotu how a woman was verbally assaulted by a man while she was simply walking down the street. The woman then continued to talk about how she now wears sunglasses, so that people cant see her eyes, and she even goes through extra effort so that people can see her hair is blonde. This shouldnt be normal. I think that people are doing better at confronting this othering. There are many stories and articles and posts about how asians may struggle with their identity. Its really good to get awareness out there, and its good to stick together and understand how others feel.

What should Asians as well as non-Asians do today to be allies in response to what these articles and the video clips chronicle?

- We should all be kinder to eachother. We should uderstand that we are all human. We should not let these issues continue, and if they do occur, we shouldn't be bystanders. We should do the best we can to help eachother out and to spread awareness of these events. Everybody needs to educate themselves. Many people need to stop believing everything they see online, especially when those ideas harm others. We should not be giving racists any power, especially political positions. Sticking together, raising awareness and being kind to one another is a good start. We have lots to work on.

Response to previous posters question:

- I think that covid has been so different because it has been the first major and deadly pandemic we have had in the world in a while. It also happened during a modern time of new technology and a time where its easy to spread messages all over the world. What really doesnt help is when people with influence say stupid and hateful comments. Rumors spread and many things were said, and i think that was a major contributer to all of this hate and change. I think that with every pandemic, theres been discrimination to a certain group. As stated in the one linked Times article, its opening paragraph talked about how HIV was blamed on haitian americans, Influenza was blamed on german americans, and the swine flu was blamed on Mexican americans. This is a recurring theme, and i think it all stems back to fear and miseducation. Covid was very different because it happened in modern times.

My question:

- Why do many of the hate-crimes and verbal abuses go without punishment or law inforcement involvement? Do the oficials not see it as important?

Posts: 18

As the Berkley News article mentions, I think much of the hate against Asian-Americans, especially in the past couple of years is rooted in the blame for the origin of COVID-19. I think it’s normal for human nature to put the blame on someone, as it seems like it’s something that we have always done, however, I definitely believe that this is not a justification for hateful actions, like violence. And sort of continuing this point, I don’t think that any of this is new, because Asian-Americans in this nation have always been blamed for making “normal” Americans’ life more difficult. At first, it was the “stealing of jobs” beginning in the nineteenth century and now it’s the starting a virus that shuts down how society was so used to functioning.

For me, it’s no surprise that this history and discrimination is commonly not known in many groups because I see that Asian-American history is so overlooked. The Teen Vogue article mentions exactly this in a way. Even though we don’t commonly talk about the past of Asian-American history, it also isn’t dealt with in the present. When only about 10% of harassment in public spaces are actually intervened with. There’s this implicit bias that society has already on certain groups, like Asians, and also the general notion in society that typically people choose to be the bystander. The NBC News article also mentions how many of these incidents aren’t even reported in the first place, which once again, demonstrates how Asian-Americans are overlooked in society.

I think Asians have confronted their “other” spot in society in a solemn way, which reflects the constant fear the younger generation has for the elderly, and also how Asians tend to respond meekly to their discrimination, knowing that, typically, nothing will be done. This is also seen in how it’s considered a benefit in society, for those half-Asian and half-white, too look more white, because they can pass looking as white, hence avoiding the blatant stereotypes and biases in society. This is what Jay Capsian Kang describes when he first met his daughter. It’s an unfortunate reality, but it seems like every day, in my eyes, Asians live in this bubble. We are judged for not being white enough, yet our struggles are overlooked because we seem more successful in society, than other minorities, which the model minority myth directly reflects.

As allies to the Asian-American community, I think the first step is to listen. As important as it is to learn and educate others, I think the Asian voice hasn’t even come into fruition because of how much happens to our community. There isn’t a time in society where people have stopped to fully listen and process these stories. After listening, I think a moment of reflection is crucial. If there’s a theme within these stories, think of why, and what is a valid and efficient solution. For example, constantly Asian students are the ones whose names are mixed up. I think this poses a great question of why and how we can do better as a society and even in the classroom setting.

To respond to M3L0D7’s question, I think this type of awareness and care comes and goes in waves, because society frequently only chooses to focus on the present. If the issue isn’t relevant, we frequently chose to push it into the back of our minds. I’m not sure if there’s a permanent solution to the situation you propose, but as simple as it is, I think we need to better educate ourselves in society first. Once we educate ourselves, we can start being able to better pay attention to how to approach and stand up for others.

My question is why do you think society has found it acceptable to pass on the discrimination against Asian-Americans, and why has this group been one of the most overlooked, especially when it comes to US history.

Boston, MA, US
Posts: 14

Why the hate? And why is this hate not new but is based in a long history of anti-Asian discrimination? And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history?

Clearly there is an increase in hate against Asian Americans since the pandemic but I think that this hate has been brought on due to more factors than that. Generally, as an Asian person, the most common stereotypes of Asian people that I see are that we are overachievers, we are all communists, or that we eat pets. I think that these stereotypes help to instill fear into people, which causes the hate to rise. The idea that Asian people are overachievers directly “threatens” the idea of white superiority (which is also ironic considering that the model minority myth will be used/supported in order to minimize the struggles of other groups because apparently Asian people managed to assimilate and be successful). Then the stereotype that Asian people are communists also threatens “American democracy” (also ironic because of how many Asian people immigrated to the United States in order to escape communism) and finally the stereotype that Asian people eat pets just paints them in a barbaric way and that fear is self-explanatory. I think that all of this fear eventually exploded with the pandemic and the fear included the already established stereotypes and the fear of the virus. But I also think that all of these micro-agressions were able to be built up because of the fact that Asian people’s struggles aren’t taken seriously. In the Human Rights Watch article, it says that “The FBI and other federal agencies have not taken any specific actions to address the rise in racist attacks and discrimination, although several state and local governments have set up hotlines and directed authorities to investigate cases of attacks or dscrimination.” It just seems like people don’t consider the fact that Asian people also have struggles and hate thrown against them (probably because of the model minority myth), and that is what allows people to continue to be able to cause hate and harm. And I also think that the model minority myth doesn’t let people actually listen to Asian history because no one really takes it seriously until something bad happens. In addition, as referenced in the Washington Post article, there isn’t really a good understanding or platform for sharing Asian American history and the reason is due to the American views of racial minorities but I also think that it is extremely difficult to share Asian American history because of how much there is to talk about. The grouping of the entirety of Asia into the label “Asian” makes it extremely hard to be thorough when talking about their history.

How have Asians—who we already know are classified as “white” when it’s convenient (think of the example of the Boston School Committee) and are also classified as “other” or “POC”—confronted this othering? The latest version may be triggered by COVID but we know this has a long and sordid history.

It’s just really weird existing as “other”. Not really being considered POC unless its at the detriment of other racial groups but not considered white unless it comes to our success. But I do think that younger generations have started to combat the othering by speaking up about their stories. It’s a step in the right direction and when more people speak up, others are more likely to do so as well and maybe that will actually spark some change.

What should Asians as well as non-Asians do today to be allies in response to what these articles and the video clips chronicle?

Well first off as an Asian person I think that people should check their behaviors towards Asian people. For example, I don’t think that people can be allies by saying something along the lines of “Asian people don’t look the same!!” while also mixing up all the Asian people’s names in their classes. And I think that people should start actually listening to Asian people when we bring up issues. Take us seriously and hold people accountable. Just bring awareness to Anti-Asian hate, listen to Asian voices, and avoid using micro-agressions.

In response to a previous question that asks “Why do you think society has found it acceptable to pass on the discrimination against Asian-Americans, and why has this group been one of the most overlooked, especially when it comes to US history?”, I think that society allows itself to discriminate against Asian-Americans because of the lack of action against hate. I feel as though people don’t take these issues seriously (model minority myth again) and it allows many things to go by. When reading the stories in class about hate crimes, I noticed that many of these survivors came to authorities for help and were brushed away. There is a lack of accountability and I think that these issues also start early because of the overlooking of Asian American history in schools.

My question is: how can we push for more action from the people in charge in regards to stopping Asian hate?

Boston, MA, US
Posts: 20


Similarly referenced in “The scapegoating of Asian Americans” by Liz Mineo, the hatred (as ugly as it sounds) has always been there however the surge and essential rise in COVID-19 cases was a catalyst for these horrific acts. In the article, a massacre around the time of the Chinese exclusion act was described as a reflection of a long-growing hatred. I would agree that this could also describe the current hatred today. This hatred is seen in almost any other minority group either from white people or from another group entirely. Yet something I couldn’t understand is why the country continues. Why does someone need to be put down? In “Coronavirus Has Sparked Another Epidemic in My Prison: Anti-Asian Racism”, the author talks about how when talking to his son, he felt that it was related to how black parents would have “the talk” to their sons. “The talk” to prevent them from being at the wrong place at the wrong time and attacked. Time and time again, I also have noticed this hatred that is let go and no one is called out on it. The treatment of another minority up until 2020 hasn’t been talked about because it’s rooted in the country. There's a reason not everything is shown on TV because half the time they don’t see it as a big deal until it’s their own racial group being hurt. I think to myself how this wouldn’t slide if this person was making fun of *insert another racial identity here*. That shouldn’t happen.

I think in general, they’re classified as POC in recent days because they’ve been hurt as a community. I’ve seen that being called POC means that you’re not getting the exact benefits of being white in America. The othering as opposed to calling them POC creates more tension between them and other racial groups. Given that they’ve been excluded for so long, by now they should at least be acknowledged enough to check a box. Many Asian Americans, in this specific example Lisa Wool-Rim Sjöblom, have protested peacefully against this hatred toward Asian Americans.If not peaceful, they are marching, they are spreading information and they are fighting back. I particularly liked Sjöblom’s story and her interview. As a fellow artist, I feel that whenever I can’t explain something, I could draw it out, and that’s what she did. She explained how a lot of the verbal hatred is coming from “jokes” that people then act baffled when no one’s laughing such as “Kung Flu” and “Pandamonium.” Which is another reason that I think these types of hatred go unnoticed. She had a similar talk with her children as the author of “Coronavirus Has Sparked Another Epidemic in My Prison: Anti-Asian Racism” did, and her son had a very different reaction. Later, Sjöblom shows how her son, like most people of color, at one point wanted to be white. They feel isolated and pushed away. Another article titled, “Coronavirus: Fear of Asians rooted in long American history of prejudicial policies”, says it best that “But there is no them. There’s only us, and we have to figure out how to go forward where everybody belongs and nobody dominates.”

In all honesty, people should just care. It’s a problem when someone is murdered by a police officer, it is a problem when someone shoots a nail salon up out of hatred. Groups shouldn't be treated any differently from one another. If one minority is hurt we’re all hurt. It shows that people of color are yet again being discriminated against and it shows that nonpeople of color yet again have things to work on. Education and acceptance would change this. Not only would people know what's going on to the point that they can form opinions on it but they would also pay attention if it were to pop up on the screen, not just ignore it and continue with their day. I also think the media, like movies, books, and plays, need more representation of minorities. The representation should be positive. Not a stereotype to set them back. Asian representation is something that many have not seen positive examples of. Even I can really only think of Shang Chi from MARVEL, Crazy Rich Asians, and Turning Red. That’s sad.

Responding to: why is COVID different from other worldwide disease outbreaks in causing such a plethora of racism and discrimination?

I think this disease had government support at the time, to use it as a weapon. The president himself (president as of 2020, Trump) called it racial names, so what’s stopping the people from doing the same? I always saw his actions go together, like Charlottesville. Many of the people there were supporters who felt that one of his comments was perfect for their riot. The government's support of racism only acts as a catalyst for others to do the same. Not only that, because this virus came from a human-animal interaction, it wasn’t surprising when people blamed the human. People always feel the need to blame things when in reality it’s not like that person knew this was going to happen.

Question: Is any representation in the media better than no representation?

coffee and pie
Boston, MA, US
Posts: 18

Why the hate? And why is this hate not new but is based in a long history of anti-Asian discrimination? And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history? How have Asians—who we already know are classified as “white” when it’s convenient (think of the example of the Boston School Committee) and are also classified as “other” or “POC”—confronted this othering? The latest version may be triggered by COVID but we know this has a long and sordid history.

The Harvard Gazette makes a comparison to the Chinese massacre of 1871, where 19 chinese residents were murdered. They also draw comparison to WWII and the Japanese. This type of violence against Asian Americans, and minorities in general, are not new. Asian Americans are a scapegoat to put it plainly. Around the time of the Chinese exclusion act, it is clear that white people were looking for an easily identifiable group to other, do their labor for them, and push blame for societies problems onto. They were looking to fill the hole left by the ending of slavery/super severe black discrimination, and Chinese immigrants fit that hole. Back then they used labor and jobs as an excuse to mistreat, and with the virus that happened to originate in China, they are using it as an excuse to mistreat once again. As explored in the Washington Post, Asian Americans are viewed much differently than other POC. Part of the reason is the model minority myth, that asian immigrants are doing so well and on the top of the country. Some movies like Turning Red, though perhaps unintentional, can push this harmful stereotype. Why is it harmful, you may ask? It pushes the idea that we never get hate-crimed, and when we do, none of the attention we need is ever given. That is why so many don’t know about all the things going on. We are often portrayed as a ‘respectable’ minority, an example to prove that America isn’t actually racist. But on the flip side, we experience a lot of hate and violence. Human Rights Watch goes through countries and all the hatecrimes that have happened. In the U.S. alone, the supposed melting pot of different cultures and ethnicities, there have been over 1.5 thousand hate crimes reported on just one platform. Imagine all that wasn’t reported or reported somewhere else. Trump’s language, calling it the ‘Chinese Virus’, added fuel to the flames. As explored in the article, governments are doing nothing, if not worsening the situation. In fact, an Italian governor said explicitly that “We’ve all seen the Chinese eating mice alive”. Again, they are using it as a scapegoat. In demoting the position of Chinese people in comparison to them, they allow themselves to stay dry from blame for the pandemic and maintain their national and ethnic pride/superiority. Additionally it is important to note that a lot of the hatecrimes are micro aggressions. In addition to the explicit spitting and name calling, Asian Americans (even before the pandemic) experienced dirty looks in public, unfair treatment in the workplace, and other smaller acts of hate. Suddenly, people have such a concern for their personal space only when Asian Americans get on the train. Personally, I have experienced many, and so has my mother, and brother, and father, and grandmother, and all my friends. We wear masks in fear of getting accused of spreading a virus. My mother was forced to clean a toilet while that was not part of her job description as a sales rep. My dad was given significantly more hours in Chinatown for his work - he is not Chinese. Everyone assumes my brother is good at math, just because of how he looks. All these microaggressions fly under the raidar to most non-Asian folks, but have just as bad consequences as slurs and violence.

What should Asians as well as non-Asians do today to be allies in response to what these articles and the video clips chronicle?

In a PBS article, we explore Sjöblom’s art and how it is helping in spread awareness. I think that is one of many ways we can be allies to all the crime - by spreading awareness. Another general thing to do would be to bring it up to officials, those who can actually enforce change. Across all the articles, we know the government is not helping and even making it worse. Bringing this issue to the forefront of their eyes might help enforce real justice and prevent future hate crimes.

responding to: Is any representation in the media better than no representation?

As most answers end up being, it depends. stereotypical representation of Asian-Americans of any kind, whether overly academic or overly unintelligent, is harmful. I think back to movies like turning red - where yes, there is representation of culture, but it continues to push the stereotype that Asian Americans are super concerned with grades and the 'rich grandma/auntie' stereotype. It may be true representation for some, but for many it is not. Personally it angered me and I felt it was unfair that Asian Americans are being portrayed as the model minority while my mother went through so many struggles only to end up in lower-middle class. So, understandable, I feel irritated when people compare me to Meilin and ask if I have rich aunties. I don't, they are still in my country of origin living in poverty. No representation can be just as bad. I remember as a kid I would think that only white people could make it on TV. I was lucky to go to a public school in Chinatown, so I was surrounded by people who looked at me. Still, there were never Asian Americans in media, and if they were, they were always without fail, stereotypes and caricatures. I found myself question whether I was a 'real' Asian because I didn't fit those roles. In conclusion: bad representation can be just as bad as none. We need good representation.

My question: Why does the model minority stereotype exist? Is it bad or good? How is it used?

Posts: 10

Asians and COVID: Xenophobia and Hate Crimes in the Era of COVID

I think there's hate because America hasn't taken the time to understand Asian Americans, and people naturally fear what they don't understand.
This hate is not new but based in a long history of discrimination because this nation never learned to treat Asian American history like Black American history which was the focus of one of the articles I read; the history of AAPI discrimination is generally unknown so many Americans don't view modern hate crimes as being the result of racist attitudes ingrained within the country, but as one-off random acts of violence. Not only that, but because the nation hasn't reckoned with this history, people think it's okay to discriminate against AAPI people because it hasn't been rightfully criticized and isn't treated like the result a long-term problem. An example of America's history of AAPI discrimination can be seen in the personal experience of Ida Chen, one of 10 Asian Americans that shared their experience of xenophobia and racism COVID sparked (in the article I real), because not only does her catcaller say she 'carries the virus' but that, "No one is into [derogatory term] anyway" and that "This is why Asian men beat their wives." Not only does Chen's experience corroborate the impact of blaming China and Chinese people for COVID, but highlights the stereotypes of Asian American women and men that are not new or random, but rather connected to preexisting hateful attitudes. Another example of this was shown in a different article I read in the experiences of Felix Sitthivong, who was tutoring in a classroom when a student said (in a response to the students' debate about whether Japan was in China), it doesn't matter because "they're all [derogatory term] anyway." He had also been told countless times to "Go back to China" despite being from Laos and a Seattle-born American. Both of these instances aren't connected to COVID (at least not exclusively), and yet, they still happened. Why? Because AAPI hate is not something new in this nation, and the continuous examples aren't random and shouldn't be treated as such (which is done by taking them out of context of this nation's anti-AAPI attitudes).

Asians have confronted this othering by fighting for their rights, just like Black Americans and other historically oppressed groups have, but most Americans don't know of this history. The most recent example if resistance was from an article I read about the efforts of the Stop AAPI Hate Youth Campaign, which assembled 87 AAPI high school interns nationwide who interviewed nearly a thousand young AAPI people about the impact of the surge of xenophobia on their lives. This campaign is one of many that are not discussed enough and don't receive media attention to the same extent Black American protests generally do.

I think as allies, we have to lift up AAPI voices and put them at the forefront of the conversation, as well as educate people on not only the history of AAPI discrimination in the United States, the lack of which we've seen plays a big role in perpetuating hate, but also about the beauty of the different cultures that the come from Asia and the Pacific that has long been misunderstood and misconstrued.

To answer the previous question: Is any representation in the media better than no representation?
I think that incomplete representation is sometimes better than no representation, but inaccurate, especially damaging, representation is definitely not better. Incomplete representation can better than no representation because it introduces the audience to something new in a simplified way and opens the door for people more educated on the topic to make more accurate media depicting it. However, if something is represented inaccurately and / or in a damaging way, the media will just create expectations and misconceptions that would make no representation better than some.
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