The ends of desegregating did not justify the means in this case. Many children throughout schools in Boston were being treated like test subjects, being forcefully and suddenly thrown into schools fully knowing the result it would have. There could have been many other methods, even if these methods took longer than forced busing it would have been more humane than what they had attempted to do. Parents and children alike were confused on what was happening and many fights broke out through schools, which could have definitely been prevented given time. One of the main things schools could have done is given a warning to white people, and tell everyone their plan then execute with a safer manner when things settle down since people are bound to riot just off the warning that schools will be desegregated. The only defense that the end would justify the means is saying that it's just like a band aid, quickly desegregating schools in order to have these schools without harm to future children. This statement is flawed only because the discussion is over children's mental and physical health, people being stabbed, injured, called derogatory names, and the list goes on.
Desegregation was definitely a worthy goal, although the effects of it are still not seen far in the future as many towns have a predominant race. Systematically schools were desegregated, although due to redlining many towns such as South Boston, West Roxbury, and many higher education schools are predominantly white. This is due to the access of education that higher income families have, as can be seen that many schools in East Boston have many Hispanic students and Roxbury and Dorchester could be seen with more black students. Going back to the question whether it was a worthy goal or not, it's obvious that allowing all children to have equal education opportunities is the correct choice to make. The goal was very poorly executed by schools, and even if the entire nation ended up having desegregated schools, the methods that were used were very inhumane and unfair to students of color.
There were definitely other solutions that Garrity could have done in order to make desegregation a smoother process to everyone. The main issue is the separation of color due to income, so the main goal would be to slowly push housing into neighboring towns to integrate desegregated and income-based living. The start to this would be giving everyone months of warning in advance of their full plan, and soon after creating free higher level education institutions allowed for all races to attend. This would cause competition and children would strive in order to reach this school, but the school would need to allow previous access to education equality since white folks have better materials, education, buildings, etc... It's completely unacceptable that school systems chose to step out of the process of desegregation instead of helping, and broadening this project in order to make it easier. This was a selfish choice in order to continue the learning of white folks in certain towns that caused other people in Roxbury to be forced out of the comfort of their homes to be brought to a place of violence and fear.
I can't imagine how it would be like to participate in schools in the environment of 1974-1975 due to the tumultuousness and violence of the whole process. I already get made fun of because of my ethnic features, so I cannot imagine the extremities of racism towards young black students during that time period and the extent they were harassed due to their skin color, hair, and facial features. Being placed across neighborhoods and forcefully mixed with people's cultures and the hate that comes along with discrimination would definitely prevent any student from learning, which would already add onto the fact that I don't really have a high attention span anyways. I would definitely have struggles going to school, but it would be nothing compared to the hate that black students experienced and the constant fear and comfortability they had to constantly experience.
The most visible effects of the desegregation era are the integrated schools, which all public schools across the country include all race classrooms. Despite these effects, students in all schools will feel the effects of racism and prejudice. Typically one race takes the majority of the school depending on the occupied area, all the while this contributes to the unintended segregation of race and making people feel left out due to culture and race. Being the minority of a school causes you to group with people in the same boat as you, as this also contributed to the separation of race within schools and towns across the nation. There will never be a fully integrated school as long as this generation is alive, which is only due to internalized bias which is held by every single human being, whether it's admitted or not. Many people can still say the desegregation era is over, but it is still not fully completed to this day and the first step will be educating and realizing what people you speak to, who they are, and being conscious of your every action.
In response to lil breezy, I disagree with the part that during/ before busing there were no attempts to stop racism. This is because of the attempt to escort the children home, have police force, and attempt to desegregate schools just for children to have an equal learning experience. I am definitely in agreement with the point white people try to make about black students tearing them apart, as it was utterly ridiculous the excuses they would make in order to keep people of color as far away from them as possible. I want to also emphasize the point lil breezy made about the minimum effort put into condemning the violent riots, because even if it was very difficult to safely desegregate there should have been a greater effort made solely because the discussion is over children's safety and rights.