posts 1 - 15 of 24
freemanjud
Boston, US
Posts: 288


Readings and Streamings:

Note: It’s important that you read and/or watch at least SIX (6) of the 12 items listed below AND clearly reference them in your post. I would especially urge you to include within your choices #3 from Human Rights Watch (HRW) for a global perspective on this topic:


Reading options:

  1. Ivan Natividad, “Coronavirus: Fear of Asians rooted in long American history of prejudicial policies,” Berkeley News, February 12, 2020 https://news.berkeley.edu/2020/02/12/coronavirus-fear-of-asians-rooted-in-long-american-history-of-prejudicial-policies

  1. Stephanie Garcia, “’I am not a Virus’: How This Artist is Illustrating Coronavirus-Fueled Racism,” PBS, April 1, 2020. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/arts/i-am-not-a-virus-how-this-artist-is-illustrating-coronavirus-fueled-racism

  1. “Covid 19 fueling Anti-Asian Racism and Xenophobia Worldwide,” Human Rights Watch, May 12, 2020. https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/05/12/covid-19-fueling-anti-asian-racism-and-xenophobia-worldwide

  1. Anna Purna Kambhampaty and Haruka Sakaguchi, “’I Will Not Stand Silent.’ 10 Asian-Americans Reflect on Racism During the Pandemic and the Need for Equality.” Time, June 25, 2020. https://time.com/5858649/racism-coronavirus/

  1. Sarah Li, “Anti-Asian Hate Has Surged during the Coronavirus Pandemic, Reports Find,” Teen Vogue, September 18, 2020. https://www.teenvogue.com/story/anti-asian-racism-stop-aapi-hate

  1. Felix Sitthivong, “Coronavirus has sparked another epidemic in my prison: Anti-Asian Racism,” The Marshall Project, December 3, 2020. https://www.themarshallproject.org/2020/12/03/coronavirus-has-sparked-another-epidemic-in-my-prison-anti-asian-racism

  1. Liz Mineo, “The scapegoating of Asian Americans,” Harvard Gazette, March 24, 2021. https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2021/03/a-long-history-of-bigotry-against-asian-americans/

  1. Michael Eric Dyson, “Why don’t we treat Asian American history the way we treat Black history,” Washington Post, March 26, 2021. https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/asian-black-atlanta-history/2021/03/26/9f10a9ac-8d98-11eb-9423-04079921c915_story.html

  1. Jay Caspian King, “The Myth of Asian-American Identity,” The New York Times Magazine, October 5, 2021. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/05/magazine/asian-american-identity.html

  1. Sakshi Venkatraman, “Asian hate crimes rose 73% last year, updated FBI data says,” NBC News, October 25, 2021.https://www.nbcnews.com/news/asian-america/anti-asian-hate-crimes-rose-73-last-year-updated-fbi-data-says-rcna3741

Streaming options:

  1. Video from the Los Angeles Times: Epidemic of Hate: Asian Xenophobia and Coronavirus, February 3, 2020 [7:55] https://youtu.be/7nlenypkMww [7:55] and the accompanying article Suhuana Hassan, “Fear of coronavirus fuels racist sentiment targeting Asians, Los Angeles Times, February 3, 2020. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Z4iu--gthgMAwX2iuQdjeCkrGDwqvmTx/view?usp=sharing

  1. Article and video: Erin Donaghue, “2,120 Hate Incidents Against Asian Americans Reported During Coronavirus Pandemic,” CBS News, July 2, 2020 https://www.cbsnews.com/news/anti-asian-american-hate-incidents-up-racism/

__________________________________________________________________________

The former President repeatedly referred to it as the “China virus” or the “Asian flu.” Insofar as we first became aware of a COVID-19 in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, that association has regrettably stuck for many Americans. And what COVID has unleashed, not only in the United States but in far-flung places around the world, is anti-Chinese vitriol and, because of the long history of Asian interchangeability by non-Asians, anti-Asian views more broadly.


Xenophobia directed at Asians isn’t new, as we will see this week in class. What COVID has inspired is just the latest in a long history of anti-Asian hate.


President Biden signed S.937, the COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act, sponsored by Senator Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii), in May 2021. At the signing ceremony, Biden spoke eloquently of the “why” behind the legislation:


“We heard how too many Asian Americans have been waking up each morning this past year genuinely — genuinely — fearing for their safety just opening the door and walking down the street, and safety for their loved ones. The moms and dads who, when they let their kids out the door to go to school, were worried.

Attacked, blamed, scapegoated, harassed during this pandemic. Living in fear for their lives, as I said, just walking down street.

Grandparents afraid to leave their homes even to get vaccinated, for fear of being attacked.

Small business owners targeted and gunned down.

Students worried about two things: COVID-19 and being bullied.

Documented incidents of hate against Asian Americans have seen a shocking spike — as the Vice President has outlined at the front of her comments. Let alone — let alone the ones that have never been reported.

Gut-wrenching attacks on some of the most vulnerable people in our nation — the elderly, low-wage workers, women — brutally attacked simply by walking outside or waiting for a bus. Asian American women suffer twice as many incidents of harassment and violence as Asian American men.

And the conversation we had in Atlanta is one we’re hearing all across the country, that all of this hate hides in plain sight — it hides in plain sight — and too often, it is met with silence: silence by the media, silence by our politics, and silence by our history.

For centuries, Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders — diverse and vibrant communities — have helped build this nation only to be often stepped over, forgotten, or ignored. You know, lived here for generations, but still considered, by some, the “other” — the “other.” It’s wrong. It’s simply — to use the phrase — it’s simply un-American.

My message to all of those of you who are hurting is: We see you. And the Congress has said: We see you. And we are committed to stop the hatred and the bias.”


The Asian and Pacific Islander (AAPI) population in the United States, according to the US Census (as of 2020), is believed to number approximately 20 million people, roughly 7.7% of the total population in the nation. It constitutes the fastest growing population in the United States. According to the Pew Research Center, Asian-Americans constitute the “highest-income, best-educated and fastest-growing racial group in the United States.”


So many non-Asians can’t distinguish among Asians and Pacific Islanders—witness Valerie Soh’s keenly observed short All Orientals Look the Same [pointedly using the pejorative term, “Orientals”] so they lump AAPI all together. Not unlike the Native American voices we heard who wish that we would identify Native peoples by their tribes and not label them all “native” or “indigenous,” many Asians/Pacific Islanders too wish people would acknowledge their specific places of origin, their differing circumstances, cultures, and histories, and not simply assume that “sameness.”


We know that Asians/Pacific Islanders have been the target of dismissive language; think of the episode last fall when then Boston School Committee chair, Michael Loconto, was caught on tape (in fall 2020) mocking Asian names. And they have been the target of growing violence—think most especially of the killings of Asian women at spas in Atlanta in spring 2021.


So why the hate? Why is this hate not new but is based in a long history of anti-Asian discrimination? And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history?


Maybe those are foolish questions. What we know from our work on discrimination and othering thus far is that issues of “us” and “them,” “superiority” and “inferiority,” the desire to identify an “in group” and an “out group” govern much of human interaction.


How have Asians/Pacific Islanders—who we already know are classified as “white” when it’s convenient (think of the example of the Boston School Committee) and are also classified as “other” or “POC”—confronted this othering? The latest version may be triggered by COVID but we know this has a long and sordid history. And what should non-Asians do today to be allies in response to what these articles and the video clips chronicle?


Please weigh in on these questions in a thoughtful, well-supported post, supported by what you learned from class, from the readings and from what you know from your own experiences. And please do post a question for the next person to post (and respond to the question posed prior to your posting!).


hotchocolate
Boston, Massachusetts , US
Posts: 24

When will change happen

So why the hate? And why is this hate not new but is based in a long history of anti-Asian discrimination? And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history?

I’ve briefly learned about how Chinatowns were made because the Asian American people needed protection and found it in numbers, it wasn’t just for fun or to celebrate their culture like it seems to be now. We also know about how they were put in internment camps and just killed on the streets without justice because they were a threat to white American lifestyles. People always need someone to blame and it’s easy to blame Chinese people for the virus. Within China, there are many different lifestyles and diets and values that are far from how the typical white American lives their life and what they view as civil. There are so many stereotypes that people make fun of such as Chinese people eating dogs and Michael Loconto mocking Asian names. I remember hearing them as a child on the school bus and feeling like I wanted to hide that part of me, while also laughing along at the “jokes”. Hate starts at a young age and as a child, you’re vulnerable to believing what you’re told by an adult so that thinking is engrained. Constant opposition suppressed the celebration and reclamation of Asian identities and it’s a way of telling them who is in power, and that their pride in their culture isn’t worth it. I do think it’s important to teach these histories in school and in public places. I haven’t heard of a high school with an Asian/Pacific Islander history course offered which would be beneficial to students of that group and others who are interested in learning about their cultural history. I think this history is overlooked by discrimination saying that there are more important things to teach.


The Teen Vogue article mentions how only 10% of bystanders intervened in a situation where an Asian/Pacific Islander person was getting bullied. Besides this being a commonality, this reminds me of how when people think a whole group is “dirty” and no good, they don’t want to help because they don’t want any association with them or the “disease” to spread out of that community. And they don’t think their lives are worth protecting, and it’s even unfortunate that minorities need protection and can’t just live freely with the same comforts and rights. Once the terms Chinese virus, Asian flu, and more were just pitting hatred against the population, it’s like a switch that turns on the blame of a people and culture instead of focusing on the science. I mean the US is really bad because we travel and disregard health and science, so it’s unfair to blame an individual who might be Asian/Pacific Islander but has no direct correlation to the virus. It’s like rubbing someone’s culture they find comfort in in dirt and saying “there's nothing you can offer because you’re just a virus.” The youth fear for themselves and their loved ones which is not a feeling that any child should have. It’s not something a child should have to feel responsibility for protecting their grandparents for example. Also these communities aren’t really made aware of resources to help their situations become better, so they have to fear for their safety and don’t have anyone to rely on in the aftermath.


Because of the lack of awareness, people don’t always know the real meaning and truth in their words so Sjoblom brings up how “yellow peril” is associated with coronavirus because of this lack of medical knowledge and racism that distorts the truth. It’s easy to group different events under one umbrella when they are for different reasons and happen differently, which might not always mean something about a culture but another factor like environment. Sjoblom made an excellent point that Asian kids might not have someone to talk to like if they tell a white person they’ve moved away from them, they’ll assume it’s because of health concerns when it is racism. Colorblindness is not a solution.


In the harvard gazette article, I haven’t learned in depth about the Chinese Exclusion Acts or the Page Exclusion Acts and the piece about women being seen as sexual deviants rings true to this day because women are blamed and there’s the longrunning belief that what a women wears means she’s asking for it. While these acts aren’t legally here today, the same idea of discrimination is and these acts really haven’t been addressed, publicized, or acknowledged to the extent that make people care about the longlasting damage they’ve done. It said that some Asian American store owners feared telling customers to put on a mask when it’s for everyone’s safety. Living shouldn’t be having to risk your health when there’s a simple solution that unfortunately people don’t understand and empathize with. It’s unfair how almost everything that happens negatively affects people already struggling. It’s an endless cycle of not being able to better one’s situation, like the effects of redlining. This reminds me of the new exam school policy and the fact that most Asian and white people were against the policy of the absence of the ISEE while Black and Latinx people were for it because it at least gave their children a chance.


Adding on, the HRW article discusses government involvement and how the policies regarding covid assistance is unfair. “Governments also need to adopt special public education initiatives, strengthen policing of hate crimes, and offer support to communities victimized by discrimination and racially motivated attacks”. People aren’t getting the support and reassurance they need through the people who represent them. I hope that will change at least on a local level with Michelle Wu. People are humans who need to be cared for to thrive and their experiences respected. In class, we talked about drive-by racism and how people feel safe to say these racist things and actions because they know they are silencing the victims and don’t give them a chance to respond. It’s crazy to hear the stories of how many trusted people that have superiority are racist and get away with it. We’ve created a culture protecting these racist people. The video talking about Koreatown also shows how the black and Latinx communities were in the same position as Asian/Pacific islanders in LA but turned against them when they needed someone to blame for the inequities because nobody would really listen and help them on either end, and then it ended in murders. The leaders of communities and the nation need to show that they care through successful actions and persistence because while they struggle, people in power choose who is worthy to help based on opinion and not human right.


How have Asians/Pacific Islanders—who we already know are classified as “white” when it’s convenient (think of the example of the Boston School Committee) and are also classified as “other” or “POC”—confronted this othering? The latest version may be triggered by COVID but we know this has a long and sordid history. And what should non-Asians do today to be allies in response to what these articles and the video clips chronicle?

I understand that Asian and Pacific Islander groups want to feel and be respected by being identified for their individual identities inside the umbrella terms. Each culture has different customs and practices and a long history. Today, I know that some countries like in Asia don’t get along so they wouldn’t want to identify with each other. A sad thing is that the amount of discrimination and acts of hatred faced by all minority groups should be an unfortunate thread linking them together, but in the US at least, there is a lot of competition and stereotypes like “model minority” that lead to widening divisions between minority groups. I actually know someone who recently moved to South Boston and their mother didn’t want to move to a predominantly black neighborhood which was shocking.


I am an intern at a program that works specifically in the Boston Chinatown community to unite the people and honor the culture that is disappearing behind skyline buildings. It’s hard to think of ways to get involved as an ally or someone directly experiencing hatred but a good step is to be aware of the news going on in your community and your neighbors, as well as look out for vulnerable people. In the program, I meet with a group of high school students and we learn about Asian/Asian American history, as well as many other minority groups who face similar issues. I like that I’m able to tie in a lot of information from Facing History discussions but it’s sad to see how often these similar actions occur against people of many different backgrounds. I think communities like Chinatown where many members are from immigrant families who have directly experienced different acts and internment camps are aware and want to get everyone involved. Like the Committee we learned about in class in Maine who are trying to bring justice to Native people and better their futures, it takes perspectives of everyone who uses the community resources and cares about it.


In the video on CBSNews, it talks about businesses owned by Asian people to be suffering massive loss because people are too afraid, more like racist, of contracting the virus. I liked what the reporter said about how coronavirus affects everybody and Asian people aren’t more susceptible to contracting it and spreading it. Nothing can really prepare businesses for a pandemic and the ramifications they’ll experience. Clearly, a lot of people have filmed these incidents and have had them appear on the news. The program I’m a part of did an activity where we thought of words associated with advocacy, bonding, and safety and most of them apply to Asian Hate. Advocacy is associated in part with all platforms and media, meant to be publicized loudly for others to hear. Although this applies to both sides, showing support and getting involved online either through joining a movement or finding your community has been a way to combat racism. Within the advocacy, forms of art are used in every instance whether it’s graphic design or illustration like the comic strip made by Korean-Swedish artist Lisa Wool-Rim Sjöblom. Art can be understood by people who speak different languages and come from different experiences so it’s a useful thing in advocacy. It’s also important to highlight Asian/Pacific Islander artists and every type of worker because it is impactful for others to see people in their community as leaders and changing the world. It’s powerful to get insights from people of these backgrounds who firsthand can identify with this shared experience of racism and can interpret it through art while they grapple with it themselves. This comic strip reminds me of the little graphics in the New Yorker magazines that are comical but ultimately making a social/political statement which grabs many readers’ attention and is a form of communication “through empathy”, as Sjoblom says.


Jay Caspian King talks about his mother who quit volunteering so she wouldn’t scare away customers at the thrift store and how his friend purchased a taser to feel safer. What is necessary for people to feel safe? I didn’t feel safe walking by myself in 2020 and it isn’t something I want to get used to. White men probably feel the safest because well, they’re men, and there isn’t a cop that would target them. How can we change that? Fighting violence because of racism with violence isn’t the answer, but sometimes big things need to happen to get noticed and heard. I’m glad that people, like King mentioned celebrities, are being very open and upfront with their thoughts and experiences of discrimination as an Asian/Pacific Islander. Being public about one’s experiences is brave and a way to combat this strong wave of Asian/Pacific Islander oppression.


Question: How have you advocated for something, small or big? For what cause?



saucymango
Boston, MA, US
Posts: 25

White America's "Paranoid and Ignorant" Response

None of us knew Vincent Chin’s name. Or even if we had learned about it previously, we didn’t remember it.

But that is just one name out of the many that have been victims of Anti-Asian hate. Vicha Ratanapakdee. Xiaojie Tan. Christian Hall. These names may ring a bell, but how many of us have heard the names Fermin Tobera and Chee Lee Tong? These names that the Boston School Committee chair mocked in 2020, are incorrectly pronounced and spelled by media, and forever have red lines underneath them in Google Docs.

As mentioned in the prompt, AAPI hold an ambiguous place in the American cultural mixing pot. We are classified as white when white people want to weaponize us against other minority groups, but at the same time, not white enough when we stand up for ourselves. I saw many BLS students laugh when a school in Washington classified Asian students as white, but it happens here too. I brought up that a classmates’s statement was racist towards Black Americans, and they felt the need to confront me afterwards asking “r u bipoc?” and “i am sorry if i have offended u, or if i have offended u.”

Even when we are classified as white, it is misleading to believe that anyone would truly consider AAPI as white — not in history, the present or the future. It is really just a tactic by white supremacists to put a rift between minority groups and to maintain their own power. This also results in less overall awareness towards AAPI history and issues. The Washington Post article elaborates that Asian Americans are expected to be less assertive and more passive in their fight for equality, but also un-American in terms of decency and culture. The result is the neglect of an entire continent of people and condensation into one stereotype — the model minority.

What does this monolith do to non-AAPI folks? Well, when the pandemic hit, they were all paranoid and ignorant, as the LA Times video puts it. Sinophobia was growing both politically and socially, but because white Americans never differentiated the diverse Asian communities, it caused acts of hate and racism towards all AAPI. I think it started politically because the Berkeley article finds that China was starting to threaten the US global hegemony, and politicians, notably including our former president, took this opportunity to promote sinophobia as well as deflect blame for their COVID policies. This ultimately worked as the Pew Research Center quantifies that 73% of Americans hold an unfavourable view of China in 2020, up from 47 percent in 2018, and 78% blame the Chinese government for the global spread of COVID. At the end of the day though, COVID was never the root of the hatred towards AAPI. Aida Zhu articulates in the LATimes article that “racist sentiment has been latent. The coronavirus is bringing it to the surface.” Our schools barely touch upon AAPI history in the US, with most students being proud if they can recall the Chinese Exclusion Act and Japanese internment camps. Thus, we don’t recognize the other causes and consequences, that even as an Asian American, I am ashamed to admit that I am not aware of. In fact, the clearest example of this ignorance is if we believe that Former President Trump of the pandemic was the root cause of AAPI hate.

For non-AAPI to be good allies, there is an obligation to be knowledgeable on our history and how it plays out today. The Harvard Gazette report corroborates that it is the burden and project of the people in power to promote anti-racism because they control our legal policies, the private sector, social media and more. If the federal government deports AAPI immigrants, if companies maintain the bamboo ceiling to keep AAPI out of higher positions, or racist speech is allowed online, then we are not being good allies. We cannot stop these issues if we aren’t aware of their existence.

On the other hand, I think the effect on AAPI themselves is quite interesting. We are certainly not all the same. The New York Times article notes that AAPI in the US come from more than 20 countries and the Washington Post furthers that the struggles and needs of its constituent groups vary greatly, but none are more or less important, but it makes unity more difficult. Moreover, even when we talk about AAPI issues, it is almost always about East Asians, leading to greater divides (East Asian Dominance is a discussion for a whole another day). Now when you pair this with the expectance of submission, I notice that AAPI often distance themselves from the issues of race and have strong internalization of racist ideas. Many adults in my community accept racism as norms and justify it when their kids bring it up, especially when we talk about other Asian communities or minority groups. Anti-blackness and colorism are both significant issues in AAPI communities, and it further inhibits a cohesive response towards white supremacy.

With all of these issues, it is critical that AAPI and all nonwhite groups work together because the problem affects all of us. The Human Rights Watch recounts that numerous governments across the globe use the pandemic to “advance anti-immigrant, white supremacist, ultra-nationalist, anti-semitic, and xenophobic conspiracy theories that demonize refugees, [and] foreigners.” While we maintain unity during our fight for equality, it is critical that we remember that there is no singular answer or program that will magically fix all the issues. We cannot maintain the monolith when we implement solutions.


Question: How surprised were you while learning about AAPI history, either in class or throughout the pandemic? If you were surprised, what do you think the shock signifies?

saucymango
Boston, MA, US
Posts: 25

Originally posted by hotchocolate on January 05, 2022 18:47

Question: How have you advocated for something, small or big? For what cause?



Post your response here.

During remote school last year, I worked with the BLS administration to conduct health and wellness fairs to provide students with a non-judgmental and supportive space to discuss mental health challenges. I think it's fair to say there is a growing mental health crisis among teens in the US, and the pandemic has certainly both exacerbated it, but also highlighted it. I'm super glad that we had over a hundred students attend, and their overall response was that the fairs were beneficial and comforting.

redemmed2021
Boston, Massachusetts, US
Posts: 26

So why the hate? Why is this hate not new but is based in a long history of anti-Asian discrimination? And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history?

A central reason why Asians/Pacific Islanders receive so much hate and racism is in part due to leaders and government individuals using dangerous/hateful language towards Asian/Pacific Islanders. In the " Covid 19 fueling Anti-Asian Racism and Xenophobia Worldwide,” Human Rights Watch" article I found many examples of this. One example of this is when the former US President, Donald Trump, described Covid-19 as the "Chinese Virus", since the virus arose in China. Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, described Covid-19 as the "Wuhan Virus". These two people's words began to encourage the use of hate speech in the US. One clear example of this is the twitter comments Michelle Wu received because of vaccine mandates. People were calling her Michelle Wuhan to mock her and imply that she essentially caused covid-19 to spread. This idea that the virus was caused by the Chinese is not new and not only occurring in the US. In this reading it also mentions that over in Italy, the governor was reported telling journalists that Italians are going to handle Covid-19 better than China because they pay " culturally strong attention to hygiene, washing hands, taking showers, whereas we have all seen the Chinese eating mice alive". What the governor of Veneto, Italy really was saying was that "Chinese people are dirty and us Italians are superior to them in our cleanliness ". In Brazil the education minister suggested a conspiracy that the pandemic is part of the Chinese government's "plan for world domination". “The scapegoating of Asian Americans,” by Liz Mineo mentions the effect these comments had on the Asian/Pacific Islander community. Because of these comments the Pew Research center has done a survey and discovered that 3 in 10 Asian Americans were reported having been subjected to racist slurs or jokes since the beginning of the pandemic.“’I am not a Virus’: How This Artist is Illustrating Coronavirus-Fueled Racism,” by Stephanie Garcia says that " It always starts with jokes and harmful language" , describing how the racism started.

Sarah Li's Teen Vogue article see says that " “One of the big takeaways for me was how big of an impact words have, specifically political rhetoric. One of the things that I learned during this campaign that was heartbreaking and sticks with me was a graph that they showed that documented AAPI hate, and how many reports we're getting per week. And after the use of ‘China virus’ started in March, there's a direct correlation to an exponential increase of reports reported each week, simply because that word was starting to circulate". The individuals in the political realm associated the pandemic with Asian people, but this idea is nothing new. The reading " Coronavirus: Fear of Asians rooted in long American history of prejudicial policies,” by Ivan Natividad goes in depth of this history. In history Asian/Pacific Islanders were often labeled as disease carriers and people of incurable afflictions. Hate/Xenophobia stems from discriminatory and biased American public health and immigration policies. On Angel Island, which was a federal facility, Chinese and Japanese immigrants were put under oppressive conditions for as long as 6 months. They often faced invasive medical examinations and interrogations w/out consent of evidence of disease. Public health authorities misrepresentation of Asian/Pacific Islanders is somewhat of a cycle. In the Berkeley News article, Wilson Tseng, who is a Berkeley research scientist and lecturer in the School of Public Health and Asian Americans and Asian Diasporas Studies, commented that "the severity of and mortality associated with diseases originating in China, such as coronavirus and SARS, are quite serious, but often overblown.

Racist white Americans did not only view all Asian/Pacific Islanders as a threat to the health of America but also a threat to their superiority. In the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act, Chinese laborers were prevented from immigrating to the US. Another act in history that regarded Asian immigration is the Page Exclusion Act of 1875. “The scapegoating of Asian Americans,” reading describes that this act prohibited the entry of Chinese women into the the US. This act as the incipient of the dehumanizing narratives and tropes that render Asian women as objects of sexual fetishizations and unworthy of being part of the national consciousness. and White Americans feared that their jobs were being stolen and were going to lose their domestic dominance. In this reading it is also mentioned that WW2 created forced internment of about 120,000 Japanese Americans who were mostly citizens.

Some Asian and non-Asian people do no know this history because many are not taught about it. Asian/Pacific Islanders history is not addressed in many history textbooks, and if so it is very little. Beth, who was an intern that worked on the Teen Vogue article says " I always struggle to find people that look like me in a textbook or people who are similar to me. The “Why don’t we treat Asian American history the way we treat Black history,”reading, by Micheal Eric Dayson, describes how this history would is unknown because of the perceived notion that Asian Americans are less assertive than African Americans in the fight for equality.

One way non-Asians can be allies is to attend workshops that involve anti-bullying workshops. In the Teen Vogue reading a statistic said that "According to their experts, student-led workshops involving anti-bullying practices can reduce bullying by 25% and lead to a 20% decrease in victimization." Anything that can prevent bullying is a good first step. Beth also mentions that she hopes "we'll implement more ethnic studies globally in the curriculum at schools,”, which is also a good idea. People need to know the history behind xenophobia and hate that is being received by Asian/Pacific Islanders.

Question: Why do you think it is important to learn about Asian/Pacific Islanders history?

redemmed2021
Boston, Massachusetts, US
Posts: 26

Originally posted by saucymango on January 08, 2022 13:55


Question: How surprised were you while learning about AAPI history, either in class or throughout the pandemic? If you were surprised, what do you think the shock signifies?

I was somewhat surprised about AAPI history because I didn't know much about it but when I was reading I can remember learning briefly about it.One thing that specifically surprised was what happened to Vincent Chin. The shock signifies how little AAPI history is talked about.

no name
Boston, Massachusetts, US
Posts: 18

Asians/Pacific Islanders and COVID: Xenophobia and Hate Crimes in the Era of COVID

As I travel to various places across the world with my family over the past decade, the more Asian specifically Chinese, I have seen because of the immense wealth growth of China over my life. These are the so called "Asian elite" that Amy Wax fearmongers are coming to the US en masse, simply because they can finally afford what many in others could for decades before. However this anti immigrant stance is nothing new. In the current political climate, Opportunist took the chance to help tether anything COVID related to scapegoats from the virus itself to lockdowns. Like BJP-ruled India blaming their typical scapegoat, Muslims, to the outbreak, misinformation post spreading like wildfire across WhatsApp.

Another example was an insane conspiracy post that Don Jr. posted a billboard saying "Communism is the real disease, and COVID is how they spread it", again with the they. Creating a more homogeneous voter base makes privileged people much more easy, safe, and not threatened by "equality". Chinatowns were started because "Americans' ' were threatened by these "foreigners" for generations, in reality it was easier for Western capitalists to exploit immigrants. The 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act was justified by lies of immigrants carrying deadly diseases, along with the other one like Asian-Americans live, eat, and breed rats. The term Asian-American came from radical movement in the 60s and 70s (yet another leftist concept shown to have moved into mainstream liberal circles decades late)

I grew up disconnected from Asian history and family because they lived 10,000 miles away, and I was in a white suburban rich private school until I came to BLS. I was taught that camps for Japanese-Americans were for America's safety in 4th grade, being taught the Silk Road was a part of "their" history and not our(Western one), along with the typical white narrative. It was the pandemic again that intervened and made me dive into America's real crimes. My mom mentions struggle working in the medical world of the US and UK because of the model minority myth. Since she learnt to stand on her own, she seemed to fit the Asian woman stereotype of being a "Dragon Lady", strong and crafty.

pseudonym
boston, Ma, US
Posts: 25

Asians/Pacific Islanders and COVID: Xenophobia and Hate Crimes in the Era of COVID

I believe that the origin of this hate that we see in America against people of Asian descent comes from the lack of Education we have received in school about history. For example, we have always been taught that to America, Asia is a threat because of, for example, Pearl Harbor. What we haven't learned is how their culture and their history and their sweat and dedication have made our life, society, and economy better. For example, the Silk Road has always been taught as something that the Europeans benefited from and in a way started this exchange of goods. But we were never taught truly what Asia made out of the Silk Road and how their life was changed by it. We were never taught how their sacrifices have made such an impact on Daily resources that we find in our community now. Specifically now with the new pandemic and covid-19, many people who are racist and aren't open to this mentality of learning the unfiltered education that we aren't presented with taking this opportunity to project their hate. Much like other cultures, not just Asians who immigrated to this country, white people tend to see this addition to their Community as a threat. Because they can't acknowledge that a community with more cultures is more beneficial to the people but rather see it in a way where it is endangering the people. I think that the upper class of Asians who we see in the United States have been classified as white because there is this idea that the elite race is white and with the elite comes power and money. So for those who have been lucky to have a life that Can be lavish are considered white. Those who suffer and maybe don't live a life that is so lavish would be considered Asian immigrants. It's very frustrating to see how people pick and choose the words and categories they place on people because it is not fair to those who are being categorized in a category that first should never matter because race shouldn't Define or limit anyone but also because it's not their true identity. It's not fair for one to determine whether or not you're white or not. It's not fair for someone else to determine whether or not you are Asian. this power that we see amongst the white supremacist is a power that fortunately has only benefited them and hurt everyone else. Thinking back on History we recall English settlers settling on land that was never theirs and occupying it. Essentially immigrants. But what is unfair is that these immigrants that came here in the 1700s never received the hate that nowadays Asians do for settling in the United States. As a daughter of immigrants, I understand what it means to come to a different country for a better life and a prosperous future and future generations. However, it baffles me that people who haven't had my experience don't understand the importance of having a place where cultures are mixed and how much one can benefit from a community that includes people from all over the world and their customs and their religions and their ideas. it is all so hurtful to think that someone who is coming to the United States with intentions of bettering their life and living in a place where a lot of people say allows you to have a better life is forbidden by white people who for some reason believe that they hold the power to determine how that person’s life should be. The hate we have seen on Asians is something that must come to an end as we are all equal and entitled to the same resources.

Why do you think a certain place from which one may immigrate from determines their stay in the USA?

pseudonym
boston, Ma, US
Posts: 25

Asians/Pacific Islanders and COVID: Xenophobia and Hate Crimes in the Era of COVID

Originally posted by redemmed2021 on January 08, 2022 19:13

So why the hate? Why is this hate not new but is based in a long history of anti-Asian discrimination? And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history?

A central reason why Asians/Pacific Islanders receive so much hate and racism is in part due to leaders and government individuals using dangerous/hateful language towards Asian/Pacific Islanders. In the " Covid 19 fueling Anti-Asian Racism and Xenophobia Worldwide,” Human Rights Watch" article I found many examples of this. One example of this is when the former US President, Donald Trump, described Covid-19 as the "Chinese Virus", since the virus arose in China. Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, described Covid-19 as the "Wuhan Virus". These two people's words began to encourage the use of hate speech in the US. One clear example of this is the twitter comments Michelle Wu received because of vaccine mandates. People were calling her Michelle Wuhan to mock her and imply that she essentially caused covid-19 to spread. This idea that the virus was caused by the Chinese is not new and not only occurring in the US. In this reading it also mentions that over in Italy, the governor was reported telling journalists that Italians are going to handle Covid-19 better than China because they pay " culturally strong attention to hygiene, washing hands, taking showers, whereas we have all seen the Chinese eating mice alive". What the governor of Veneto, Italy really was saying was that "Chinese people are dirty and us Italians are superior to them in our cleanliness ". In Brazil the education minister suggested a conspiracy that the pandemic is part of the Chinese government's "plan for world domination". “The scapegoating of Asian Americans,” by Liz Mineo mentions the effect these comments had on the Asian/Pacific Islander community. Because of these comments the Pew Research center has done a survey and discovered that 3 in 10 Asian Americans were reported having been subjected to racist slurs or jokes since the beginning of the pandemic.“’I am not a Virus’: How This Artist is Illustrating Coronavirus-Fueled Racism,” by Stephanie Garcia says that " It always starts with jokes and harmful language" , describing how the racism started.

Sarah Li's Teen Vogue article see says that " “One of the big takeaways for me was how big of an impact words have, specifically political rhetoric. One of the things that I learned during this campaign that was heartbreaking and sticks with me was a graph that they showed that documented AAPI hate, and how many reports we're getting per week. And after the use of ‘China virus’ started in March, there's a direct correlation to an exponential increase of reports reported each week, simply because that word was starting to circulate". The individuals in the political realm associated the pandemic with Asian people, but this idea is nothing new. The reading " Coronavirus: Fear of Asians rooted in long American history of prejudicial policies,” by Ivan Natividad goes in depth of this history. In history Asian/Pacific Islanders were often labeled as disease carriers and people of incurable afflictions. Hate/Xenophobia stems from discriminatory and biased American public health and immigration policies. On Angel Island, which was a federal facility, Chinese and Japanese immigrants were put under oppressive conditions for as long as 6 months. They often faced invasive medical examinations and interrogations w/out consent of evidence of disease. Public health authorities misrepresentation of Asian/Pacific Islanders is somewhat of a cycle. In the Berkeley News article, Wilson Tseng, who is a Berkeley research scientist and lecturer in the School of Public Health and Asian Americans and Asian Diasporas Studies, commented that "the severity of and mortality associated with diseases originating in China, such as coronavirus and SARS, are quite serious, but often overblown.

Racist white Americans did not only view all Asian/Pacific Islanders as a threat to the health of America but also a threat to their superiority. In the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act, Chinese laborers were prevented from immigrating to the US. Another act in history that regarded Asian immigration is the Page Exclusion Act of 1875. “The scapegoating of Asian Americans,” reading describes that this act prohibited the entry of Chinese women into the the US. This act as the incipient of the dehumanizing narratives and tropes that render Asian women as objects of sexual fetishizations and unworthy of being part of the national consciousness. and White Americans feared that their jobs were being stolen and were going to lose their domestic dominance. In this reading it is also mentioned that WW2 created forced internment of about 120,000 Japanese Americans who were mostly citizens.

Some Asian and non-Asian people do no know this history because many are not taught about it. Asian/Pacific Islanders history is not addressed in many history textbooks, and if so it is very little. Beth, who was an intern that worked on the Teen Vogue article says " I always struggle to find people that look like me in a textbook or people who are similar to me. The “Why don’t we treat Asian American history the way we treat Black history,”reading, by Micheal Eric Dayson, describes how this history would is unknown because of the perceived notion that Asian Americans are less assertive than African Americans in the fight for equality.

One way non-Asians can be allies is to attend workshops that involve anti-bullying workshops. In the Teen Vogue reading a statistic said that "According to their experts, student-led workshops involving anti-bullying practices can reduce bullying by 25% and lead to a 20% decrease in victimization." Anything that can prevent bullying is a good first step. Beth also mentions that she hopes "we'll implement more ethnic studies globally in the curriculum at schools,”, which is also a good idea. People need to know the history behind xenophobia and hate that is being received by Asian/Pacific Islanders.

Question: Why do you think it is important to learn about Asian/Pacific Islanders history?

Question: Why do you think it is important to learn about Asian/Pacific Islanders history?

I think it is important to learn about asian islander's history to get a better understanding of how they lives, the struggles they faced, the advancements they have added to this world and their customs. Often times their history is overlooked as white Americans have always made it a priority to not care while it is a huge mistake and hiding a rich culture from younger generations learning about it in school.

9oclock
Boston, MA, US
Posts: 20

“Othering'' is used by white Americans to sustain white supremacy. There is a long history of Asain othering in the United States, as Ivan Natividad’s Berkeley News article shares, the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act was the “first immigration law that excluded an entire ethnic group.” The latest was in 2018, a federal law that restricted Chinese academic immigration to the United States. As also shared by Natividad’s article, Public Health authorities justified these policies by “misrepresent[ing] Asians as diseased carriers of incurable afflictions”. This blaming of the “other” that they have created, in turn, led to non-Asian Americans' loyalty to the United States. This is because with increased othering, there is increased belonging. In other words, the creation of an outside enemy leads to unity within and reliance on the country. Another motivation of Chinese othering is from the struggle between China and the United States for global power. Berkeley professor John A. Powell shares that the United States feels threatened, for “China’s economy is the largest in the world, at $25.27 trillion. The United States, in comparison, sits at just over $21 trillion”(Natividad). Therefore, creating anti-Chinese sentiments in the United States decreases business and importation from China and at least upholds white dominance in the country, since it can not in the world.

The methods in which AAPI individuals and communities are othered in the United States are different those used against Black, Brown, and Indigenous individuals and communities. In a Washington Post article, Michael Eric Dyson shares the common AAPI tropes, “pernicious, clashing notions of passivity, on one hand, and subversion of American norms of decency and purity on the other”. The key difference between AAPI tropes and Black and Brown American tropes is passivity and violence; Black and Brown Americans are stereotyped as intimidating and prone to violence, while AAPI Americans are stereotyped as passive and weak. I believe that this is a key explanation of why Black and Brown Americans are typically and frequently oppressed with violence in the United States, whilst violence towards AAPI individuals is less frequent. The othering of AAPI is therefore more covert than other ethnic minorities in this country; economic oppression, verbal assault, and social exclusion is more frequent.

A significant stereotype of Asian women is sexual promiscuity and submission. The Harvard News article shares, “the Page Exclusion Act of 1875, the nation’s first restrictive immigration law, had prohibited the entry of Chinese women. Sato said the Page Exclusion Act is a precursor to the dehumanizing narratives and tropes that render Asian woman as objects of sexual fetishization and unworthy of being part of the national consciousness.” The oversexualization, fetishization, and dehumanization of Asian women also has roots in the Vietnam war. American soldiers committed a horrendeous amount of sexual crimes against Vietnamese women. This altered the common American perception of Asian women to be of a twisted oversexualization and dehumanized nature. This heritage lives on by typically white American men traveling to Asia for prostitutes and to find a “wife”. These “wives'' typically agree in hopes of economic stability. Anime is also a great perpetuation of these harmful stereotypes, and also a main factor in the Atlanta hate crime.

I would like to make the assertion that since the racial hierarchy within the United States was founded on and surrounds Anti-Blackness. Therefore, the racial hierarchy also parallels skin tone, with dark tones at the bottom and light tones at the top. (In this point I will only be referencing AAPI individuals of fair skin tones, because not all of the ethnicities below the AAPI umbrella have fair skin tone as a phenotype.) I assume that those AAPI individuals who hold the privilege of fair skin are provided greater ability to rise in economic and sociopolitical standing in the United States, as with other individuals with a ethnic minority background and fair skin. This could account for the disproportionate amount of economically high standing AAPI individuals in comparison to other racial minorities in the United States.

In a Time article, Sakaguchi says, “The current protests have further confirmed my role and responsibility here in the U.S.: not to be a ‘model minority’ aspiring to be white-adjacent on a social spectrum carefully engineered to serve the white and privileged, but to be an active member of a distinct community that emerged from the tireless resistance of people of color who came before us”. A wonderful rising sentiment that is a crucial component in derailing white supremacy. The ability for Asian Americans to rise economically is relatively easier than other ethnic minorities in the United States, as explained above. This ability to progress removes the dire need to abolish the structures of the United States for this group, because they have an ability to “succeed” in the current state. This inturn increases support and loyalty to the United States, therefore helping to perpetuate the authority of white supremacy. Although Asian Americans hold relative privilege to other racial minorities in the United States, the community is still marginalized and harmed by white supremacy. If Asian Americans can work with the other racial minorities of the United States to rewrite the countries’ structure and systems, there is a greater possibility to write out white supremacy.

In order to help combat the othering of ethnic/racial minorities under white supremacy, one must educate oneself on the tools of the oppression (how these ethnic minorities are oppressed/marginalized), the history of the oppression, the why of the oppression, and how you are contributing to the oppression. Then one must carry their knowledge into conversations and into action. Action could look like amplifying action directed by those of the ethnic group (such as Korean-Swedish artist Lisa Wool-Rim Sjöblom’s) donating time, money or skills, supporting political affirmative action, changing racially insensitive behaviors and stepping in when witnessing acts of racial oppression, and consciously supporting racial minority businesses, individuals, etc. instead of white options.


Question: What is a result of AAPI marginalization that you can see in Boston?

9oclock
Boston, MA, US
Posts: 20

Originally posted by pseudonym on January 09, 2022 17:51

Why do you think a certain place from which one may immigrate from determines their stay in the USA?

The United States has no ounce, no drop of xenophobia for caucasian immigrants. The United States is not xenophobic, it is just racist. That is why countless times Black Americans are told to "go back to Africa" and the indigenous population and cultures were nearly eradicated and erased. Xenophobia and all its arguements are just tool to try to keep the United States "pure"- white.

Lion03
Boston, MA, US
Posts: 21

post on anti Asian discrimination in the age of COVID 21-22

In recent years, Anti-Asian/ Pacific Islander hate has had more attention brought to it. However, this attention has only stemmed from the growing amount of Anti-Asian/ Pacific Islander hate that has occurred in this country primarily due to the spread and media coverage of COVID-19.

This long line of anti-Asian hate is definitely not new and can be seen and heard through people’s first hand experiences. For a first example we can look at the event of Pearl Harbor which caused mass amounts of Asian hate amongst the country. During a time where the country needed unity, it had created long-term division. In the aftermath following Pearl Harbor, Japanese people were put into camps regardless of immigration status. Additionally, the media coverage as the Coronavirus began in Wuhan, China instilled fear amongst specifically Americans. While acting in fear and hatred some Americans decided to isolate Asians, specifically Chinese people, as the “other” in this situation which instigated a lot of hate crimes. When Trump was president he even referred to the virus as the “China virus” contributing to the division among the country due to Asian hate. In response, this gave fuel to his fans in following his footsteps by adding to Asian hate as well as hate crimes.


Some non-Asians may not be aware of this hatred because they are sometimes considered the “model minority”. This stereotype of Asian Americans has silenced the hate that Asians deal with. In Michael Eric Dyson’s Washington Post article he says “Why don’t we treat Asian American history the way we treat Black history?” demonstrating the downplaying of Asian American history that has been prevalent in the American education system. In his New York Times magazine article, Jay Caspian Kang states that “...Blackness is intractable and Asianness evolves with each generation.” In Kang’s view, the Asian American story because they are not linear generations, however Black descendants of enslaved people, but immigrants are constantly coming to the country.


This Asian American hate is still living today. From hearing classmates powerful stories too seeing acts of hate with my own eyes while walking through Chinatown. This is an issue that must be taught every day and an issue that must be solved.

YellowPencil
Boston, MA, US
Posts: 23

Asians/Pacific Islanders and COVID: Xenophobia and Hate Crimes in the Era of COVID

So why the hate? Why is this hate not new but is based on a long history of anti-Asian discrimination? And why are most non-Asians—and some Asians--minimally aware of this history?


In the past few years as coronavirus cases soared, so did the amount of hate against Asians clearly also soared. Hate in COVID and throughout history targeted towards Asians happen because of scapegoating. Asians make an easy target because their struggles are lesser-known and less connected to the popular identity of the United States. In Michael Eric Dyson’s Washington Post article, it claimed that Asian Americans are less connected to “the snarling legacy of disenfranchisement”. Unlike Native Americans, they weren’t wiped out and unlike African Americans, there wasn’t a whole civil war fought for their freedom. Asian Americans also don’t have figures as well known as Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. or Cesar Chavez. So in short, their history isn't flashy enough to be remembered and taught in schools. But even if their struggles are less known, they are still targets of systemic racism. Even before COVID Asian Americans were subjected to discrimination and hate. A few events listed in the Washington Post include the Los Angeles Chinese Massacre, the Chinese Exclusion Act, its confrontation with the Ku Klux Klan in the 1970s, and the gunning at a Wisconsin temple in 2012.


Even though I am an Asian American myself, I am unfamiliar with most of the history of Asian American struggle in the United States. I know about the Gold Rush and how people weren’t happy that Asians were taking away jobs and how they were discriminated against so they formed communities to support each other, but I know close to nothing about the laws against Asian Americans like the Exclusion Act. I think it’s because my parents knew nothing about the history either because they are immigrants but also because it isn’t taught in schools and therefore knowing about it requires for us to educate ourselves.


Hate is also stemmed from governments and people of power verbalizing the issue and problem of coronavirus caused by Chinese or Asian people. The Human rights watch article gives many examples. It got so bad that the UN committee responsible for monitoring compliance with the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, came in and recommended that governments adopt “national action plans against racial discrimination.” I found the article eye-opening on how worldwide the problem was. Other than Trump's use of terms like the “Chinese Virus” other leaders also promoted discrimination and othering through their language.

The governor of the Veneto region of Italy said that the Italians were “culturally strong attention to hygiene, washing hands, taking showers, whereas we have all seen the Chinese eating mice alive.” The Brazilian education minister jokingly claimed on Twitter that the pandemic was part of the Chinese government’s “plan for world domination.” I found it funny and disturbing to see someone in education spreading misinformation. And the Bharatiya Janata Party in India called a Jamaat meeting a “Talibani crime” and “CoronaTerrorism” after many from the meeting tested positive for COVID. The language of these leaders brews hate by not actively working against discriminatory language and also fear through misinformation.


How have Asians/Pacific Islanders—who we already know are classified as “white” when it’s convenient (think of the example of the Boston School Committee) and are also classified as “other” or “POC”—confronted this othering? The latest version may be triggered by COVID but we know this has a long and sordid history. And what should non-Asians do today to be allies in response to what these articles and the video clips show?


I think the younger generation is confronting this differently than the older generation. In the New York Times article, Ida Chen expressed that older family members have told her not to involve herself in “Black-white battles.” But, she explains, “In my opinion, oppression of one minority group results in oppression of all minority groups eventually.” Rather than viewing the othering as an “Asian only problem”, younger people see the othering as a larger issue covering all minority groups. In The Harvard Gazette it states “It’s taking a toll on our Asian and Asian American peers in a way that people don’t realize,” said Lama. “But it’s amazing seeing how this younger generation is coming together and standing up for their parents and their older family members.” In order to confront this othering, the younger and older generations support each other.


I think non-Asians today should also view this as a greater issue that in the end affects almost all of us and our country. In Berkley News, I especially liked the quote “ “Sometimes they’re Muslim, sometimes they’re black, sometimes they’re Mexican, sometimes they’re Asian,” Powell said. “But there is no them. There’s only us, and we have to figure out how to go forward where everybody belongs and nobody dominates. Not blacks, not whites, not Christians, not Muslims. No group dominates.” When I was young, I was taught to be a bystander for my safety and reasonably so. But in order to be allies one cannot just be on the sidelines.


Question: What do you think BPS could do on this?
YellowPencil
Boston, MA, US
Posts: 23

Originally posted by 9oclock on January 09, 2022 21:42

Question: What is a result of AAPI marginalization that you can see in Boston?

As a result of AAPI marginalization during COVID, I see greater activity in Asian American groups in Chinatown. For example, I remember seeing an exhibit outlining the history of Asian Americans in Boston. It's a good thing since they are increasing the awareness and educating the old and young about it and making it easy to.

niall5
Boston, MA, US
Posts: 26

Throughout history, hate has existed for groups that are perceived as “other”. Anti-Asian sentiments have been around as long as Asian people have migrated elsewhere in the world, and societies itch for a scapegoat to blame. In America, this started with the restriction of immigration to mostly European countries, and the blaming of “other” groups with laws such as The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and the Alien Contract Labor laws of 1885 and 1887. These established a precedent for being racially selective on what immigrants were allowed into the United States.


Today, many Americans are ignorant of this racist history, because much of our discourse around race is binary. We have a need to make clear categories, and Americans use White and Black time and time again as the only descriptors of people in this country. In reality, we come in many more shades than that, and from different backgrounds, and many people have intersections of several of these identities. According to the Washington Post article, we don't have an obvious place to put Asian Americans in our modern racial discourse. There is a common stereotype called the “Model Minority Myth” that treats Asian minorities as successful and smart therefore downplaying the effects racism can have on them. According to NBC, hate crimes have risen 72% in 2020, yet AAPI racism was “often footnoted or compartmentalized, recounted and analyzed as a subplot in the bigger narrative.” This paints a picture of how Asian racism is an afterthought in our modern conversations of race, yet it is ever more important.


In the world of Covid, this racism has gotten worse but many of us continue to ignore its effects on Asian people across the world. The Los Angeles Times video gives us a glimpse into how the rhetoric of politicians fuels this hate, citing former President Donald Trump and his common refrain of calling Covid-19 the “China virus.” This already hateful term, coupled with his treatment of AAPI on Twitter as “the other” fueled his followers to violently attack Asian Americans and commit acts of racism and terror. Powerful leaders needed a group to blame during this pandemic, and that was Asian Americans. They became the scapegoats of Covid. This was true elsewhere in the world too, as Human Rights Watch cited multiple examples from around the world. In Malaysia, Covid was connected to Asian immigrants and the Rohingya people, and they were brutally detained and mistreated. Other countries imposed lockdowns on migrant workers that were largely Asian. All of this violence has hurt the world Asian community in innumerable ways, but it is not going on without opposition.


The Asian community has refused to allow such blatant racism, and many have raised awareness for this growing issue during Covid. The Los Angeles Times video mentioned the rap group, Year Of the Ox, that in the process of filming for their song against Asian hate, they themselves were targeted in an incident of racism. They spread this story and were vocal about the unacceptable racism that Asian Americans have to face. From PBS news hour we learn of the “#IAmNotAVirus” movement that started in response to world leaders blaming Covid on Asian immigrants. This hashtag allowed incidents of anti-asian racism to be spread more quickly, and the perpetrators to be condemned.


How do we best fight these incidents of racism as the pandemic continues?

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